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Chapter 6

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Sociology 1020
Georgios Fthenos

Chapter 6 net work groups bureaucracies and societies how social groups shape our actions 1. norms of solidarity demand conformity(⼀一致,相似). 2. structures of authority tend to render people obedient. (⼈人服从与权威) 3. bureaucracies are highly effective structures of authority. 1.norms of solidarity demand conformity - when we form relationships, we develop shared ides or norms of solidarity about how should behave to sustain relationships. (⼀一样理念的⼈人才会存在团结的关系) - emotional importance of these relationships may lead to norms of solidarity overriding morality of our actions. 2.structures of authority - structure of authority tend to render people obedient. - most find it difficult to disobey authorities because they fear ridicule, ostracism and punishment. (嘲笑 排斥 责罚) 3.social distance and authority - the Milgram Experiment demonstrates how social distance in creases obedience to authority. - Milgram’s famous experiment on authority where subjects administered what they believe to be painful shocks on person because of someone in authority told them they had to. social networks - social network: a bounded set of individuals who are linked by exchange of material or emotional resources. - patterns of exchange determine boundaries of the network. - members exchange resources more frequently with one anther with non-members. social networks and finding job - Granovetter found that finding a job, weak tie (with acquaintances, such as people you meet at party and friends’ friend)are more important that strong ties (to people who are close to you such as family members and friends). - acquaintances are more likely to be connected to diverse networks and provide useful information. urban networks - we view big cities as cold and more alienating(疏远) than small towns. - however, research shows that far from living in an impersonal and alienating world, those people in urban cities have live are network- rich. dyad and triad - the difference between a dyad and triad may seem small. - however, the social dynamics(社会动态) of the two elementary network from are fundamentally(根本上的) differences. groups - social groups: are composed of one or more networks of people who identify with one anther and adhere to defined norms, roles and statuses. - are distinct from social categories, people who share similar statuses but do not typically share norms and identify with one another. primary groups and secondary groups primary groups - groups in which norms roles and statuses are agreed upon but not put in writing. - social-interaction
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