Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (1,781)
Kim Luton (123)
Chapter 2

Introduction to Sociology - Chapter 2

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Introduction to Sociology Chapter 2 - Research Methods 3 October 2011 - sociologits argue that questions about divorce, and social life in general, require a research project of some sort Quantitative and Qualitative Methods: - Durkleim adpoted a position called positivism, which is a method of concluding research - positivism: when a sociologist wants to use the research methods of the natural science (also known as quanititative) - counting and precise measurement of objective behaviour, a limited, number of variables, and predictions are hallmarks of a quantitative approach - Weber believed that human behaviour is unique and more complex because of the subjective meanings and motivations attached to it - humans make choices based on these meanisn, making any discussion of gender, parenthood, and work more involved than describied - qualitative methods had to be developed, today it is called participant observation - when you imagine yourself in their shoes i) A quantitaive option: Survey Research: - most common - asking questions (written or oral) a) Theories and Hypotheses: - theory refers to a basic approach to subjects matter - a variable to sociologists is something that takes on different values within different groups - if there is a relationship between to variables, then they go together - from these theories a testable hypothesis (an educated guess) can logically be denied - it conists of an idependent (cause) and dependent (effect) variable - axiomatic logic: If A > B and B > C, then A > C - making connecting links between related theorectial statements - deductive logic: the derivation of a specific statement from a set of more general statements b) Model: - tey are built by combining two or more statements to fill in or extend the explanation chain c) Measurements: - probably the most difficult task survey researches perform - involves transforming the theoretical language of the hypothesis into the operational language of measurement Operational Defintions: - the actual procedures used to measure theoretical concepts - they are what researches look for or listen to in order to measure their variables - validity: the degree to which they actually measure what they chaim to measure, always in constructing operational defintions - reliability: mrasures of a variable should be consistent and not fluctuate over time or with the person using them d) Sampling: - selecting a subset of individuals form the population they wish to study - the sample should be representative of the population from which it is drawn - conclusions should be generalized beyond the group from which ths sample id drawn -simpler, it means that if reseachers fail to sample from some groups, they can't say their findins hold for them - it represents the population, "a look a like" - in random sample. participates are selected purely by chance - cluster sampling: a series of random samples taken in units of decreasing size, such as a cenus tracts, then streets, then houses, then residents - they both produce generalization to the population - a major goal for researchers - quota sampling: a selection of people that matches the sample to the population on the basic of centain sele
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 1020

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.