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Western University
Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Chapter 1 Introduction to Sociology  Emile Durkheim o Investigation of Suicide o Durkheim argued that social factors effected suicide o NOT individually isolated ones such as mental illness, inherited tendencies or unhappiness o He said that it depended on Social facts o Because of Social isolation:  Men more than women  Protestants more than Catholics and Jews  Older more than younger people  Single more than married people o Egoistic Suicide: Suicide because of lack of social ties o Suicide bombers feel excessive ties totheir society o Altruistic Suicide: Suicide because of excessively strong ties o In a setting where change happens fast, people experience unpredictability and no limits which causes suicide o Anomic Suicide: Suicide because of insufficient regulations o In a setting with a lot of rules (fascist/communist). People feel constricted and trapped o Fatalistic Suicide: Suicide because of too many rules and too few options  Sociologists don't say that behaviour is ALWAYS caused by group experiences, but they do think that group behaviour is influenced to a certain extent by different circumstances.  Auguste Comte o Saw sociology as a religion and science. o Sociologists would be the priests , guide societies through bad times and heal problems  Durkheim argued that society is based on consensus and cooperation. o Society is like a human body: each organ performing specific task, all social ills are fixable  Marx denied this and said that powerful people held society together by making weaker people submit to them o Social ills can only be cured if these powerful people are overthrown and everyone is equal and cooperative 2
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