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Canada (162,168)
Sociology (1,785)
Kim Luton (123)
Chapter 37

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Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

Chapter 37 – Visible Minority Workers are at Greater Economic Risk - black families experience considerable financial problems even where they have equal education to non-black families - 3/10 blacks in Canada lived below the poverty line in 1991 - individual minority groups have to contend with significant wage and occupational discrimination in their labour market activities - visible male minorities on average earn 9% less than white males - visible minority workers experience substantial income losses over their life-cycle earnings compared to non-visible minority workers - employers may be taking advantage of an opportunity to pay lower wages and salaries under the pretense of the non-recognition of credentials - there is very substantial racial discrimination affecting the ability of members of racial minority groups to find employment - whites had 3 job prospects for every one of blacks - Indo-Pakistanis and blacks had to make on average 19 – 30 calls to get a favourable job prospect Chapter 38 – Aboriginal Well-Being: Canada’s Continuing Challenge - natives has a much lower standard of living, have lower education attainment, and suffer a host of inequalities in comparison to other Canadians th - registered Indians rank 49 in the world - military forces have been used against them in Oka - these events were resolved peacefully, without violence or property damage - their occupations can occur anywhere, mostly is it over land claim, and then there is burial site, resource development, harvesting, hunting, and fishing rights - MAKE POVERTY HISTORY FOR FIRST NATIONS outlined there issues, it was peaceful, it was about how their rights and needs were violated - better measures needed to be developed for First Nations to tailor their way of life - relative deprivation: don’t respect themselves, leads to substance abuse - they then blame society and take it out on them - unless Canadians understand the real situation, we can never confront it and make real improvements - needs to be improvement in education, and they need jobs - high suicide and health problems because of their situation - education gives them a role in society, but many are drop-outs – encourage education - this issue must be debated by the natives themselves - solutions can never work if they are imposed Chapter 39 – Confronting Culture with Science: Language and Public Policy - should the government fund money to help first nations retain their traditional language - language – fundamental to human culture and their existence - embodies identity and elements of their culture  must be protected - integrationists argue that maintenance of language separation from the dominate economic groups in society is a cause of lower socio-economic development - Aboriginal language is used as a ghettoizing force - cohesion would increase by other generations passing their stories, myths, symbols and interaction - loss of language handicaps the transmission of the natives - should they worry about their language when there are more important issues they have like education? Chapter 36 – Ethnic Heroes and Racial Villains in American Social Science - the cultural values shared by the members of some groups promote success, just as the cultural values shared within other groups inhibit success - some groups are more successful than others because of their brain size, gene
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