Textbook Notes (368,098)
Canada (161,641)
Chapter Week 8

American Studies 2200E Chapter Week 8: American Studies Week 8 Readings
Premium

4 Pages
83 Views
Unlock Document

Department
American Studies
Course
American Studies 2200E
Professor
Anna Zuschlag
Semester
Fall

Description
American Studies Week 8 Readings Andrew Prokop, “How Republicans Went from the Party of Lincoln to the Party of Trump, in 13 Maps,” Vox, July 20, 2016, http://www.vox.com/2016/7/20/12148750/republican-party-trump-lincoln. Introduction - Went from a party that was racially progressive for its times, to one that gets little support from nonwhite voters - Went from a Northern-only party to one that dominates in the South From Anti-Slavery Party to Pro-Business Party 1. The Republican Party Was Founded to Oppose the Slave Power - Northerners feared the “slave power” (The South) would dominate US politics, institution of slavery wherever they could - Whig party collapsed on the issue of whether Kansas and Nebraska should be slave or free - Republican party replaced it - New party opposed to expanding slavery 2. The Civil War Drives Republicans to End Slavery - Lincoln promised he would not interfere where slavery already existed - 1861 11 States seceded from the Union, Northerners would not stand for this - At first wanted to restore the Union, not free slaves - Emancipation Proclamation 1863 announced all slaves would be free th - 1865 Congress approved the 13 Amendment 3. After the War Radical Republicans Fight for Rights for Black Americans - Radicals gained increasing sway in Congress - Passed the countries first civil rights bill in 1866 (Fought for voting rights for black men) - Amended the constitution, everyone born in the US is a citizen - Right to vote cannot be denied because of race 4. Republican Party Becomes the Party of Rich Northerners - During the war, the federal government got bigger and spent more money - People got rich and owed their wealth to Republican politicians - The economic policies created a class of extremely wealthy men - Wealthy financiers and industrialists took more and more of a leading role in the Republican Party - Economic interests become more important than interests of Black Southerners 5. How Republicans Gave Up On Reforming the South - In the North whites thought they had done more than enough for black Southerners - Businessmen wanted their own interests to take the stage - Public opinion turned, did not want more violence with the South - Mid-1870’s Republicans had given up - Southern states allowed to do what they want, white conservative governments retook power Republicans Become Conservative and Southerners Become Republican 6. The Party Against Progressivism and The New Deal - When Woodrow Wilson won the presidency, the Republican Party turned against many of Roosevelt’s progressive reforms - Believed they expanded government power too much - Republicans became the party of business - Lost power during the Great Depression, FDR and Democrats took over - Expanded the size and role of government - Republicans opposed to new bigger government role 7. How Republicans Made Common Cause with Southern Democrats on Economic Matters - Democratic South not happy about the expansion of unions and federal power - Tried to block and further expansions of government or worker power - Pro-Democratic unions blocked from gaining a foothold in the South and interior West - The absence of power made those regions more promising for Republicans electoral prospects 8. Republicans Lose Black Voters - Black loyalty decreased with the depression and the New Deal - Democrat LBJ signed the Civil Rights Act 1964 - Ever since 80% of more of black voters have supported Democrats 9. The South and The House Go Republican - Democrats maintained control of the House for quite some time - In 1994 the Republicans took the House since 1955 - Have controlled the House for 18 out of the 22 years since then - Provides an important stronghold in politics The GOP Grapples with the US’s Demographic Transformation 10. The US’s Hispanic Population Swells - Electorate becoming more diverse - Democrats better at winning them over - Republicans tend to support reforming immigration laws 11. Republican Voters Turn Against Their Parties Elites - Tea Party challenged the Republican Party’s establishment - Republican voters believe their party tended to sell them out at every turn - Deep distrust of e
More Less

Related notes for American Studies 2200E

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit