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Chapter

Visual Arts History 1040 Chapter Notes -Great Sphinx Of Giza, Art History

by

Department
Visual Arts History
Course Code
VAH 1040
Professor
Cody Barteet

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Reading Stokstad & Cothren, Preface, IX - XVIII and Introduction
Great Sphinx
oBy placing the head of the ancient king Khafre on the body of a
huge lion, the sculptors joined human intelligence and animal
strength in a single image to evoke the superhuman power of a ruler
oIt symbolizes mysterious wisdom and dream of permanence, of
immortality
What Is Art?
Works of art demonstrate a combination of imagination, skill, trainings
and observation on the part of their human creators
Our judgements about what constitutes art -are learned behaviours,
influenced by class, gender, race, geography, economic status, and
education
Modes of Representation
oThe ancient Greeks admired the work of artists who were
especially skillful at capturing the visual appearance of the natural
world
oTrompe l'oeil painting - pictures that attempt to fool viewers into
thinking what they are seeing is real, not a painted representation of
the real
oStill Lifes - pictures of inanimate objects and fruits or flowers
taken out of their natural contexts Naturalism or Realism - lifelike
descriptions of the visual appearance of the natural world
oLeonardo Di Vinvi said that the painter who coped the external
forms of nature as only acting as a mirror, he believed that the true
artist should engage in in intellectual activity of a higher order and
attempt to capture the inner life - the energy and power - than just
the outward appearance of a subject
oAbstraction or Stylization - in which artists transform
recognizable natural subject into patterns or make them conform to
ideals
oNon-representational - do not depict a recognizable natural
subject, but does have meaning, generated when the artist's
intention and the viewer's interpretation interact
oA central goal of art history is to speculate on what they meant
for the artists who made them and those originally experienced
them
oInterpretation of works of art changes and develops through time
as new evidence emerges and new approaches are established
oArt history is a work continually in progress
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