1. What is anthropology?
Anthropology is the detailed study of humanity in different times and places. Anthropologists
attempt to engender knowledge about diverse peoples and their behaviour, their differences
and commonalties. Traditionally, myths and legends provided the answers to these questions.
Anthropology offers another approach to answering the questions people ask about themselves.
In employing a scientific approach, anthropologists seek to produce a reasonably objective
understanding of human diversity and those aspects of life that all humans have in common.
2. What do anthropologists do?
The five major branches of anthropology are biological anthropology, archaeology, linguistic
anthropology, applied anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology. Biological anthropology
focuses on humans as biological organisms, tracing the evolutionary development of humans
and studying biological variation within the species today. Archaeologists study material objects
from past cultures in order to explain human behaviour. Linguistic anthropologists, who study
human languages, may deal with descriptions of languages, with histories of languages, or with
how languages are used in particular social settings. Applied anthropologists put to practical
use the knowledge and expertise of anthropology, whether relating to land claims or human
resource management. Sociocultural anthropologists study contemporary human groups.
Ethnographers go into the field to observe and describe human behaviour; ethnologists
conduct comparative studies of particular facets of a culture; and ethnohistorians study
cultures of the rece