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AN 101 Lecture oct.23 week 7

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Laura Allan

Anthropology Week 7 Anthropology Week 7 Anthropology Wednesday, October 23, 2013  Monday – started chapter 6 Monogamy and Polygamy Monogamy  A marriage pattern in which a person may be married to only one person at the same time. Divorce and remarriage more than once is called “serial monogamy” Polygamy  A marriage pattern in which a person may be married to more than one person at the same time. Male or female.  Polygyny: marriage of one man to two or more women  Polyandry: marriage of one women to two or more men Family Structure  Non-conjugal family: o A women and her children; the husband/father may occasionally be present or completely absent o Family without second spouse with children  Conjugal family: o A family based on marriage; at minimum, a spousal pair and their children  In our society the trend has stayed away from conjugal to one that is more varied  Nuclear family o Form of family that is an atomies family o Two generation: one or more parents and their unmarried children. Mobile cultures (foragers, modern workers, migrants value this form)  Extended family o Three generations living together: parents, married children, and grandchildren. Farm families value this form, more settled, persists over time, e.g. Mennonites, Amish  Joint family (sibling based) o Brothers and their wives (or sisters and their husbands) along with their children living together  Blended family o Created when previously divorced or widowed people marry, bringing with them children from their previous marriages. Often “yours, mine and ours” composition  Families of choice (often common law/informal, gay/lesbian) o Blood ties cannot guarantee the enduring diffuse solidarity at the core of North American kinship, and new kin ties can be created over time as friends and lovers demonstrate their genuine commitment to one another by creating families of choice o Created over time by new kin ties as friends and lovers demonstrated their genuine commitment to one another Kinship and systems of relatedness  Ways of organizing human interdependence  Why do the authors subtitle this section in this way? o Kinship carries out the recruiting of group member o Provides residence rules o Provides intergenerational inks o Helps to decide succession or inheritance o Links between generation above and below, there is a continuity of life Patterns of decent in kinship  Lineages o A descent group composed of consanguineal members, or blood relatives, who believe they can trace their descent from real known ancestors. Clans are based on fictitious ties or real people to mythi
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