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Chapter 1

Chapter 1- Organization Behaviour and Management.docx

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Marc Hurwitz

Chapter 1 Organization Behaviour and Management 1Chapter 1 Organization Behaviour and ManagementWHAT ARE ORGANIZATIONS Organizations are social inventions for accomplish common goals through group effort Social InventionsSocial inventions simply refers to the idea that organizations essential characteristic is the coordinated presence of people not necessarily things The field of organizational behavior is about understanding people and managing them to work efficiently Goal AccomplishmentThe field of organizational behavior is concerned with how org can survive and adapt to change Be motivated to join and remain in the org Carry out the basic work reliably in terms of productivity quality and service Be willing to continuously learn and upgrade their knowledge and skills Be flexible and innovative Group EffortThe field of org behavior is concerned with how to get people to practice effective teamwork WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Organizational behavior is the attitudes and behaviours of individuals and groups in org GOALS OF ORGNAIZATIONL BEHAVIOUR Predicting Organizational BehaviourThe regularity of behavior in org permits the prediction of its future occurrence Explaining Organizational Behaviour Explain why some events occur org behavior is interested in determining why people are more less motivated satisfied or prone to resign Managing Organizational Behaviour Management is the art of getting things accomplished in org through others If behavior can be predicted and explained it can be controlled and managed Evidencebased management Translating principles based on the best scientific evidence into org practices EARLY PRESCIPTIONS CONCERNING MANAGEMENTThe Classical View and BureaucracyClassical viewpoint is an early prescription on management that advocated high specialization of labour intensive coordination and centralized decision Each department was tend to its own affairs with centralized decision making from upper management proving coordination Scientific Management Frederick Taylor 18561913 system for using research to determine the optimum degree of specialization and standardization of work tasksBureaucracyMax Webers ideal type of org that included a strict chain of command detailed rules high specialization centralized power and selection and promotion based on technical competence A strict chain of command which each member reports to only a single superior
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