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Chapter 2

Chapter 2- Personality and Learning.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Marc Hurwitz

1Chapter 2 Personality and Learning Chapter 2 Personality and LearningWHAT IS PERSONALITY Personality is the relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way an individual interacts with his or her environment and how he or she feels thinks and behaves Summarizes his or her personal style of dealing with the world Developed by genetic predisposition and by ones long term learning history PERSONALITY AND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIORDispositional approach 1950s and 1960s An approach to organizational behaviour focuses on individual dispositions and personality Individuals posses stable traits or characteristics that influence their attitudes and behaviourspredisposed to behave in certain ways Failed to support the usefulness of personality as a predictor of organizational behaviour and job performance Situational approachCharacteristics of the organizational setting influence peoples attitudes and behavior such as rewards and punishmentInteractionist approachIndividuals attitudes and behavior are a function of both dispositions and the situationOne of the most important implications of the interactionist perspective is that some personality characteristics are useful in certain organizational situations Trait activation theoryTraits lead to certain behaviours only when the situation makes the need for the trait salient The key concept here is fit putting the right person in the right job group or organization and exposing different management styles Main problems with the early research use of inadequate measures of personality characteristics THE FIVEFACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY Conscientiousness The degree to which a person is responsible and achievement oriented More conscientious people are dependable and positively motivatedlikely to perform well on most jobs given their tendency toward hard work and achievement Agreeableness The extend to which person is friendly and approachablemore agreeable people are warm considerate altruistic friendly sympathetic cooperative and eager to help others Emotional stability neuroticism Emotional control People with high emotional stability low neuroticism are selfconfident and have high selfesteem High neuroticismtend toward selfdoubt and depression Low neuroticism has more effective interactions with coworkers and customers because they tend to be more calm and secureEmotional control People with high emotionalEmotional stability neuroticism stability low neuroticism are selfconfident and have high selfesteem High neuroticismtend toward selfdoubt and depression
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