Chapter 8: violent offending: general violence and homicide. Reactive violence: an impulsive reaction to some real or perceived provocation or threat (someone who finds his wife in bed with another man might get very angry and hit the man so hard he dies. ) Instrumental violence: is premeditated and aimed at achieving some secondary goal (a man tries to rob someone else"s wallet and in the process he pushes him against the wall so that he gets what he wants. First degree murder: planned and deliberate can also be first degree when the victim is a peace officer or if the death is caused while committing or attempting to commit terrorist activity. Second-degree murder is defined as murder that is not. Manslaughter: if murder is committed during the heat of passion or caused by sudden provocation that would overwhelm one"s self control. Homicide is also manslaughter if death results from criminal negligence.