CC210 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Motivational Interviewing, Neurotransmitter, Methadone

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23 Aug 2017
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There are many assessment methods and treatment options for offenders, ranging from motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural treatments to pharmacological interventions such as methadone maintenance programs. Official crime stats tell us that a significant amount of crime is linked to substance abuse; so much so, that a causal relationship if often inferred with little debate. Although the crime rate has slowed by 50% since 1991. Rate of police-reported drug offences increased by 52% The link between violence and alcohol is overwhelming. In 2013, almost 75% of canadians accused of homicide were under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or another intoxicating substance. 82% of aboriginal offenders have been identified as having a substance abuse need upon admission to the federal correctional system. Other criminal risk factors often coexist alongside substance abuse that catapult an individual from a begin drug addict to becoming a multi-talented criminal. Neuroscientists have used animal studies and human brain scans to study how drugs alter brain chemistry.

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