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Canada (161,962)
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EC238 (54)
Karen Huff (33)
Chapter 18

Chapter 18 EC238.docx

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Department
Economics
Course
EC238
Professor
Karen Huff
Semester
Fall

Description
EC238 Chapter 18 – Policy on Toxic and Hazardous Substances Week 11 Canadian Policies to Reduce Emissions of Toxic Substances -The discussion of toxics policies is divided into two topics – policies dealing with the emission of toxic substances and the management of the disposal and storage of toxic substances CEPA, 1999 -The Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 amalgamates, supersedes, and works in conjunction with other federal regulations dealing with toxic substances -Gives the federal government: 1. The right to obtain information from manufacturers, processors, and importers of substances Environment Canada considers dangerous 2. The power to conduct research on dangerous substances in co-operation with provincial governments; and 3. The right to prevent discharges of substances authorized jointly by the Minister of the Environment and Minister of Health and Welfare that “pose a significant danger to human health of the environment” -A substance is toxic if it enters or may enter the environment in a quantity or concentration that: -Has or may have an immediate or long-term harmful effect on the environment or its biological diversity; -Constitutes or may constitute a danger to the environment on which life depends; or -Constitutes or may constitute a danger in Canada to human life or health -Environment Canada has the authority to monitor all sources of toxics to enforce any regulations established -CEPA gives the federal government a strong legislative basis for regulation -CEPA relies on command-and-control policies -One of the goals of releasing NPRI data to the public is to provide incentives for polluters to voluntarily reduce their emissions even when there is no regulation requiring them to do so – voluntary compliance Economic Issues in Hazardous Waste Management -Hazardous waste consists of a diverse set of materials: waste oils, solvents, and liquids containing metals, acids, and so on -Hazardous waste generation is not spread evenly over the country -The two major pathways leading to damage are though accidental releases and through releases stemming from improper handling, either at the site of use or at waste-disposal facilities -Canada is only beginning to address the problems associated with toxic waste disposal and storage -Federal jurisdiction over hazardous waste disposal and management is limited to
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