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Global Studies
Guest Lecture

GS201- T3 October 12, 2012 Ashley Stratton 110110900 Locke defines political power as being outside of the home or family, it doesn’t interfere with personal lives of its citizen or the decisions they use towards their freedoms. It also doesn’t encompass the market sector of life, the market should be free to prosper and develop as it would due to personal competition. Political power is not in place to enforce rules or to restrict the people’s freedoms but rather to protect these freedoms, only acting when these freedoms are in jeopardy. Men in the state of nature are rational and tolerant, they are able to fight for what they want and for the best possible life for themselves. This also makes them selfish, their need to prosper in greedy ways led to the introduction of currency for example. There is also an inherent right to defend their life, liberty, health and possession (the pursuit of happiness). In order to understand why man would agree to enter into a society and relinquish his rights it is important to understand what the state of nature entails for and individual and why it would be in their interest to join a group for the common benefit. The state of nature is man at his most natural and almost primal state, all of his psychological tendencies are accepted here as there are no social constraints or social norms. He is able to protect his life, liberty, health and possessions also but it can be done at the expense of others as there are no rules. Also others are able to protect their freedoms which may over step his needs causing war or violence. If man agrees to enter into the society he is able to overcome this issue and protect all of his freedoms but there will also be laws in place to protect his freedoms and allow everyone in the society to prosper without causing harm to one another. Ownership is necessary in this mod
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