Chapter 14 and 15 Detailed notes of chapter 14 and 15 for final

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
WLU
Department
Psychology
Course
PS101
Professor
PSYC CHAPTERS 14 & 15
Chapter 14
Psychological Disorders:
Stigma: do not understand that people with mental illness have the same
characteristics as “normal” people just overdramatic
Diagnosis: distinguishing one illness from another
Etiology: apparent causation and developmental history of an illness
Prognosis: forecast about the probable course of an illness
Public health officials don’t feel mental health illness is a public health issue,
don’t feel that they kill
Statistical approval: only can focus on one trait at a time
Subjective approach: come and confess they are ill, person reaction to illness
varies, no accurate
Social nonconformity: criminally (non-conformist), cultural relatively
(normal in one society, not in other), undesirable social standards
(something wrong in society),
Criteria to determine abnormality:
o Intelligibility
o Consistency
o Control
Criteria for diagnoses:
o Deviance: their behaviour deviates from what their society considers
acceptable
o Maladaptive behaviour: everyday adaptive behaviour is impaired
o Personal distress: individual’s repot of great personal distress
Causative factors:
o Bio: genetic, hypoglycemic, calcium deficiency, vitamin b deficiency,
anoxia, sleep deprivation, brain damage
o Social: social economic background, poverty, ageing, unemployment,
gender
DSM-IV is the official psycho diagnostic classification system, ask info from
patients on five axes, difficult to obtain good data
Anxiety Disorders
High level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat
Symptoms:
o Diffuse negative emotion, uncontrollability, shift from outer focus to
self focus
Panic attacks
o Appear suddenly, anxiety reaches unbearable levels, perspire, gasp for
breath, chest pains, nausea
o Derealization- familiar terrain doesn’t look familiar and is now
frightening
o Victims usually become very apprehensive, scared one the next will
occur
Generalized anxiety disorder:
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o Unrealistic worries about at least 2 areas of life
o Areas are money, health, family, work
o Precursor for panic attacks
o Develop secondary anxiety, worry that anxiety will interfere with
those areas
OCD
o Persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts, and urges
to engage in senseless rituals
o Feel they have lost control of their mind
o Compulsions are always paired with obsessions
o Want to reduce chance
Post traumatic stress disorder
o Psychological reactions to extremely traumatic experiences
o May not surface until many months or years after
o Symptoms: re-experiencing traumatic events in nightmares and
flashbacks, emotional numbing, alienation, problems in social
relations, increased sense of vulnerability
Phobias:
o Stay away from fear
o Fears seriously interfere with everyday life
o Reactions tend to be accompanied by physical symptoms of anxiety
Body dimorphic disorder
o Cannot function normally, excess concern about imagined defect
o Can reach delusional proportions
o Convert physical anxiety into body symptom
o Cannot be explained by organic conditions and are largely due to
psychological factors
Dissociative disorders
o Amnesia, anxiety can cause it
o Sudden loss of memory for important personal info that is too
extensive to be due to normal forgetting
Dissociative Identity Disorder
o Coexistence in one person of two or more largely complete, and
usually very different personalities
o “Multiple personality disorder”
o Reality is fragmented
o Iatrogenic is treatment caused and therapist induced
Mood Disorders
Illness is in response to the disorder, varies greatly from person to person
Environmental factors which cause depression
o Condemn narcissistic generation- only think of ourselves
o Family- divorce, haven’t supported family properly
o Mobility- career may cause family to move
o Increased urbanization-may be alienated, not close with neighbours
o Erosion of faith-express faith differently today
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Document Summary

Stigma: do not understand that people with mental illness have the same characteristics as normal people just overdramatic. Etiology: apparent causation and developmental history of an illness. Prognosis: forecast about the probable course of an illness. Public health officials don"t feel mental health illness is a public health issue, don"t feel that they kill. Statistical approval: only can focus on one trait at a time. Subjective approach: come and confess they are ill, person reaction to illness varies, no accurate. Social nonconformity: criminally (non-conformist), cultural relatively (normal in one society, not in other), undesirable social standards (something wrong in society), Criteria to determine abnormality: intelligibility, consistency, control. Criteria for diagnoses: deviance: their behaviour deviates from what their society considers acceptable, maladaptive behaviour: everyday adaptive behaviour is impaired, personal distress: individual"s repot of great personal distress. Causative factors: bio: genetic, hypoglycemic, calcium deficiency, vitamin b deficiency, anoxia, sleep deprivation, brain damage, social: social economic background, poverty, ageing, unemployment, gender.

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