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Chapter 1

PS101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Ethology, Brain Damage, Doctor Of Psychology

by

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS101
Professor
Lawrence Murphy
Chapter
1

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Empirical
Derived from observation, experimentation, or measurement
Psychology
Discipline concerned w/ behaviour and mental processes; how they're
affected by organism's physical/mental state and external environment;
represented by Greek letter "psi"
Psychobabble
Pseudoscience covered by veneer of psychological and scientific -sounding
language
Critical thinking
Ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgments on
basis of well-supported reasons and evidence, rather than emotion/anecdote
Occam's Razor
Principle of choosing sol'n that accounts for most evidence while making
fewest unverified assumptions
Phrenology
Now discredited theory that different brain areas account for specific
character and personality traits which can be read from bumps on skull
Structuralism
Emphasized the analysis of immediate experience into basic elements
Functionalism
Emphasized the function/purpose of behaviour and consciousness
Psychoanalysis
Theory of personality and method of psychotherapy that emphasizes
unconscious motives and conflicts; formulated by Sigmund Freud
Humanist
psychology
Psychological approach; emphasizes personal growth and achievement of
human potential rather than scientific understanding and assessment of
behaviour
Feminist
psychology
Psychological approach; analyzes influence of social inequities on gender
relations and on behaviour of the two sexes
Psychological
practice
Providing health or mental-health services
Basic
psychology
Study of psychological issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake
rather than for its practical application
Applied
psychology
Study of psychological issues that have direct practical significance; also, the
application of psychological findings
Psychotherapist
Unregulated person who does any kind of psychotherapy
Psychoanalyst
Psychoanalysis practitioner; must've obtained specialized training at
psychoanalytic institute and undergone extensive psychoanalysis personally
Psychiatrist
Medical doctor (MD) who has completed 3-year residency in psychiatry to
learn how to diagnose and treat mental disorders under supervision of more
experienced physicians
1.1
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