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Chapter 5

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Mindi Foster

Chapter 5 Freud and the Oedipus Complex  Every boy wants to take the place of his father and be with his mother  sexual urges for the opposite sex parent  These theories do not apply to many cultures where the father figure is the maternal uncle or there are more then one mother  Western psychology is very western based, it does not actually apply to the world outside of the western society Human psychology  Like language, human psychology is an open system: What we think or feel about something depends greatly on what we have learned to pay attention to and the values we have learned in our society  In one culture, we call a mental issue and illness whereas in another they may look at it differently, as something spiritual Anthropological Approach  Different groups with different histories and experiences are likely to develop unique points of view, pay attention to different things, and feel differently about them Perception  The process by which people organize and experience information that is primarily of sensory origin  Perception does not occur in a culture-free vacuum. Culture provides patterns for perception, proper labeling, and responses for it (Textbook, pp. 100 - 101)  We perceive size, shape, colour, pain etc.  Using the example of colour, how can we illustrate that perception is culturally shaped?  Non-literate South African were tested on two-dimensional drawings representing three-dimensional objects: They interpreted the drawings in two dimensions  This does not mean they were unable to produce three dimensional models (Textbook, p. 101).  Non-literate south African were not aware of western conventions for interpreting 2D drawings  Far for providing us with insights about their perceptual abilities, these kind of tests only teach us about western perceptual conventions  We have culturally learned the rules for interpreting these drawings  The signals we receive from the outside world tend to be open to more than one interpretation  Perceptions are symbolic representations of reality, not direct samples reality  Drawings are ambiguous and potentially open to distortion; how people interpret them depends on pre-existing experiences and cultural conventions  The Mbuti (Congo) live in dense forests and have no experience of distance greater than a few feet; they are not used to taking distance into consideration when estimating the size of an object in the visual field.  Visiting a plain for the first time becomes a dramatic experience: Far-off animals are considered as insects. (Textbook, p.103) Cognition  The mental proc
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