Textbook Notes (362,865)
Canada (158,079)
Psychology (1,877)
PS101 (450)
N/ A (1)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9,10

11 Pages
Unlock Document

Wilfrid Laurier University
N/ A

Chapter 9 Intelligence and Psychological TestingwwwwlucaalnotesKey Concepts in Psychological TestingStandardization uniform procedures in the administration and scoring of a testTest norms where specific scores rank in relation to other scores on that testStandardization group group that is compared to normed on population that is like the people taking the testReliability consistency score shouldnt change regardless of when the test is taken in ones lifetimeCorrelation coefficient tests should be close to 1 however very few tests are like this because very few humans manage to take tests under the exact same conditions so scores can varyValidity ability of a test to measure what it is supposed to measureContent validity is test content measuring relevant information about subject areaCriterionrelated validity correlation between two things for example performance between training and testing should be similarConstruct validity looks for evidence proving that test measures the construct it should be testing for example do IQ tests really test intelligencePrincipal Types of Psychological TestsMental ability testsIntelligencegeneral IQAptitudespecificPersonality scalesNo wrong answers therefore not called a testMeasure motives interests values and attitudesUsed to determine if people are OCD neurotic or psychoticThe Evolution of Intelligence TestingSir Francis Galton 1869Suggested that success runs through families because intelligence is inherited this opinion was strengthened by Darwins writingHereditary GeniusAlfred Binet and Theodore Simon 1905BinetSimon Intelliegnce ScaleFirst intelligence testIdea was to single out young people who needed special training or extra help in school first instance in modern time when someone suggested a mental agefor example someone can be physically 6 years old by mentally 4Lewis Terman 1916Revised Binets test and created the StanfordBinet Intelligence ScaleIntelligence Quotient IQMental AgeChronological Age X 100Originally IQ was designed only for children David WechslerDevelop Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale WAISmeasured adult IQMore emphasis on nonverbal reasoning verbal and performancespatial components to testReliability and Validity of IQ TestsMeasures intelligence as a unwavering qualityDoesnt measure social abilitiesExceptionally reliablecorrelations into the 90sSome cultural biases are evident in some IQ tests asking questions about Europen geography for exampleQualified validity valid indicators of academicverbal intelligence not intelligence in a truly general senseCorrelations 40s50s with school success 60s80s with number of years in schoolLow correlations can be due to motivation enjoyment financial issuesPredictive of occupational attainment debate about predictiveness of performancePositive relationship between IQ and status of job however this may have to do with years of schoolingExtremes of Intelligence Intellectual Disability or Mental RetardationDiagnosis based on IQ and adaptive testingIQ 2 or more standard deviation below meanAdaptive skill deficitsOrigination before age of 18 is mandatory for these kinds of diagnosisFour levels mild most common moderate severe profoundCauses environmental vs biological fewer than a quarter have organic causes for diagnosiseither we are not aware of the biological cause or there are environmental factors
More Less

Related notes for PS101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.