Chapter 6 learning
Learning is any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to
Phobiasirrational fears of specific objects or situations
Are often the result of another learning process termed classical conditioning
Can be treated
Conditioning involves learning connections between events that occur in an organism’s
E.g) eating chicken & having success hitting a baseball
Classical Conditioning is a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to
evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus.
First described by Ivan Pavlov around 1900
“Conditioning” comes from Pavlov’s determination to discover the
“conditions” that produce this kind of learning
Did a study using dogs, bells and food and seeing how much they salivate** read in
slides about his conclusion
The UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (UCS) –is a stimulus that evokes an
unconditioned response without previous conditioning.
The UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UR) is an unlearned reaction to an
unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning.
The CONDITIONED STIMULUS (CS) is a previously neutral stimulus that has,
through conditioning, acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response.
The CONDITIONED RESPONSE (CR) is a learned reaction to a conditioned