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PS260 (69)
Chapter 3

PS260 Chap 3 Notes.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Eileen Wood

Psychology Chapter 1 Notes: - Empirical: evidence gathered by careful observation, experimentation, and measurement - Psychology: the discipline concerned with behaviour and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism’s physical state, mental state and external environment Psychology, Pseudoscience and Popular Opinion: - Psychobabble: Pseudoscience and quackery covered by a veneer of psychological and scientific- sounding language - Pseudoscience promises an easy fix to many of life’s problems (e.g resolving unhappiness as an adult by “reliving” the supposed trauma of your birth) - Popular opinion and “common sense” aren’t always reliable guides to human behaviour Thinking critically and creatively about psychology: - Critical thinking: the ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgements on the basis of well-supported reasons and evidence, rather than emotion or anecdote - All opinions are equal on a matter of personal preference (“I think diamonds are nicer than rocks”) - 8 critical thinking guidelines to evaluate psychological findings 1. Ask questions: involves asking questions and digging deeper into the identification of problems and challenges 2. Define your terms: once a question has been raised the next step is to frame exactly what it is you are asking about in concrete terms (what makes people happy? Define happy first.) 3. Examine the evidence: did the evidence come from a reliable source, don’t accept conclusions until you find evidence 4. Analyze assumptions and biases: assumptions are beliefs taken for granted. When an ass
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