Textbook Notes (369,067)
Canada (162,366)
Psychology (1,978)
PS263 (145)
Paul Mallet (112)
Chapter 2

PS263 CH.2 Textbook Notes.docx

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS263
Professor
Paul Mallet

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PS263 CH.2 Textbook Notes 01/21/2014 Chapter 2: Evolution, Genetics, and Experience Zeitgeist: The general intellectual climate of our culture PS263 CH.2 Textbook Notes 01/21/2014 Thinking about the Biology of Behavior: Dichotomes to Interactions Is it Physiological or Psychological? Cartesian Dualism: Descarte’s philosophy Sanctioned by the Roman Church Brain and mind as separate entities became more accepted Is it Inherited or Learned? Nature­Nurture Issue: Debate on whether humans and animals inherit their behavior or acquire them  through learning Ethology: The study of animal behavior in the wild Instinctive Behaviors: Behaviors that occur in all like members of a species Even when there seems to be no chance for them to have been learned Problems Physiological/Psychological Thinking Runs into Difficulty: Nature/Nurture Thinking Runs into Difficulty: Model of Biology of Behavior: PS263 CH.2 Textbook Notes 01/21/2014 Human Evolution Evolve: Undergo gradual orderly change Darwin presented 3 pieces of evidence to support that species evolve: 1. Evolution of fossil records through progressively more recent geological layers 2. Described striking similarities among living species EXAMPLE: Human hand, cat paw, bird wing Suggests ancestors 3. Points to changes brought about in domestic plants and animals by programs of selective breeding Believes evolution occurs through natural selection Natural Selection:  When repeated for several generations, leads to evolution of species that are better adapted to survive in  their particular environments Fitness: Ability of an organism to survive and contribute its genes to the next generation Evolution & Behavior Social Domi
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