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Chapter 3

BioPsych Chapter 3

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BioPsych Chapter 2 Evolution Genetics and Experience We think about thing that have been ingrained in us by our Zeitgeist general intellectual climate of our culture 21Thinking about the Biology of Behaviour From Dichotomies to Interactions We tend to think in specific dichotomies goodbad rightwrong Is it Physiological or is it Psychological 1Physical matterbehaves according to the laws of nature and is thus a suitable object of scientific investigation 2The human mindlacks physical substance controls human behaviour obeys no natural lawsoThe human body was considered entirely physical as well as nonhuman speciesCartesian dualism the human brain and the mind are separate entitiesIs it inherited or is it Learned Naturenurture issues Inherit behaviour capacities or acquire them through learning Ethologythe study of animal behaviour in the wild Intrinsic behavioursbehaviours that occur in all like members of a species even when there seems no opportunity for them to have been learned Problems with Thinking about the Biology of Behaviour in terms of traditional dichotomies Physiological or psychological thinking runs into difficulty Oliver Sacks account of the man who fell out of bed who was suffering from asomatognosia deficiency in the awareness of parts of ones body GG Gallups research on selfawareness in chimpanzeesNature or Nurture thinking runs into difficulty Intelligence is the product of the interaction of genes and experience it is not right to try and assess how much came from genes and how much came from experience It is important to look at the interactions of nature and nurture as a whole A model of the Biology of Behaviour This model states that behaviour is the product of interactions among three factors 1Organisms genetic endowment evolution2Experience3Perception of the current situation 22Human Evolution Darwin was the first to present that species evolve Three sets of evidence 1Documented the evolution of fossil records through progressive geological layers2Described striking structural similarities among living species 3Pointed to major changes that had been brought about in domestic plants
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