Textbook Notes (362,734)
Canada (158,032)
Psychology (1,877)
PS270 (144)

optional assignment 1

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Wilfrid Laurier University
Christian Jordan

1.1 Name Self-serving bias. 1.2. Textbook definition Self-serving bias is “the tendency to perceive yourself favorably” (59). 1.3. Reworded definition Self-serving bias is a psychological reference to the idea that, as humans, we often perceive ourselves and situations as more valuable and favorable than those of others (67- 68). Self-serving bias is made up of four concepts, those being: self-serving attributions, positive social comparisons, unrealistic optimism and a false sense of uniqueness (67). These concepts are often used in order to justify behaviour, attitudes, situations and treatment of others. 1.4. Why chosen I chose this concept because, growing up, I often saw these behaviours in kids my age. I continue to see these behaviours and I never thought of it as a self-preservation act, but instead, just a flaw in one's personality. I am guilty of succumbing to some of these concepts throughout my life, so in a way this made me more self-aware. I also find this concept interesting, not just because I've personally seen it and done it, but because it is something done unconsciously. We do not understand why we do it, or sometimes that we are even doing it, but regardless, this behaviour is common, especially among high school and university students. 1.5. Real life illustration Last year, I was acquaintances with this girl (only because my friend knew her from home) who almost failed her whole year. We will call her Sarah. For some, university is just a reality check and they often do not do as well as they planned to within their first year because they are getting used to the set-up and level of academia. For Sarah, though, her failure was do most in part to the fact that she suffered from first-world-problems and often made them the centre of her world, instead of focusing on the academics or even her transition into university. She often cried about boys, shallow friendships ending or something that was not worthy of how much time, effort and emotion she had put into it. Unfortunately for Sarah, her mind was filled more with those aspects of her life than those of her academic life, and once midterms and finals came around, she did extremely poor on all of them. She blamed her grades, behaviour and overall attitude on the fact that she had been “sick” for most of the semester, which we all knew was not the case because we had gone out to parties and the bars with her multiple times throughout the year. For some reason unknown to any of us, she genuinely believed that her grades fell significantly north of her expectations because she was “sick” throughout the year. The thought that her behaviour and lack of motivation to work never once crossed her mind, even resulting in a very awkward confrontation from some of her old friends. When her “first-world-problem” behaviour was brought up in conversation, she blamed it on childhood experiences we later found out were incredibly manipulated in order to justify her behaviour. To this day, she is at Laurier, doing the same things she's always done. The last time I spoke to her was when she was in the summer doing a summer course a few doors down from my own. She ended up failing that class too because she “hurt her foot” at the beginning of the course, which somehow stopped her from writing the final, even though she spent most of her nights at the bar. 2.1 Name Misinformation effect 2.2. Textbook definition “Incorporating 'misinformation' into one's memory of the event, after witnessing an event and then receiving misleading information about it” (85). 2.3. Reworded definition The misinformation effect is a term used to describe the way we often confuse our memories after being exposed to deceiving information. Between the process of encoding and recall, our memories are manipulated by outside information unrelated to the memory itself. This is often done unconsciously and with genuine belief that the manipulated memory is a valid representation of what actually occurred. 2.4. Why chosen I chose to explore the misinformation effect, honestly, because I often get it mixed up with misattribution error and retrospective interference. In order to learn the differentiation between the three concepts, I believe exploring and understanding the distinction between them would benefit me in future recall of the terms. 2.5. Real life illustration Recently at a family gathering, my aunt set a great example of the misinformation effect. Before that though, you should know that I was born in Mississauga and moved to Waterloo at the age of 3.All of my father's family lived in Mississauga at the time and we often all gathered for holiday's and get togethers because of the proximity. Arecent example of the misinformation effect working it's way into my memory would be this pass Thanksgiving with all of my extended family.At one point, my aunt, uncle and a few cousins (who are all 6-10 years older than I am) were talking about when we all used to live in Mississauga. My aunt was talking about a Thanksgiving dinner when we were younger. She explained that my cousin (her niece) Tamara, who was very much into superheroes, decided that she would jump up off the couch, turn her body completely so that it was parallel to the floor, and scream out “SUPERMAN” before gravity took over and she fell, hitting her face off the television set and cutting her eyebrow open. I was there, along with my mom, dad and brother (my brother and I only being between 1-2 years). She believed this took place when my aunt, cousins, and my own family all moved to Waterloo. On the way home, I brought the memory up to my father and he recalls the event as my cousin Tamara receiving a Superman gift and cape from her father for Christmas, not Thanksgiving, and that she had jumped off the couch, been parallel to the floor and screamed “Superman” but instead, she smacked her face off a book case. It turns out that, at that time, my aunt (Tamara's mom) had just gone through a divorce and had very little money to afford a television set. This can be perceived as my aunt believing Tamara hit her head off a television set instead of a book case, because we were in my aunt's (Tamara's mom) living room. It is obviously common, especially back in the 90's, to have a television only in the living room. Finally, because of my age, my father remembers being in Mississauga at the time that my brother and I were one and two years old. My aunt later admitted to this mistake over Skype, proving my father to be the holder of the most accurate representation of what actually happened. 3.1 Name Overjustification effect. 3.2. Textbook definition “The result of bribing people to do what they already like doing; they may then see their action as externally controlled rather than intrinsically appealing” (147). 3.3. Reworded definition The overjustification effect explains the fading feeling of pleasure associated with an activity, usually done for the fun of it, once there is a reward given. This is often seen in professional athletes. 3.4. Why chosen I chose this concept because I semi-understand and have personally
More Less

Related notes for PS270

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.