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PS285 (38)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 - MACROSOCIAL.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Ketan Shankardass

Chapter 2 – Health Psychology Notes – Macro-Social Environment and Health - A baby in Japan has a higher chance of making it to age 5 than a baby born in Sierra Leone - Environmental effects – environmental disasters (earthquakes), epidemics, recklessness (waste of resources), wars - Systems of discriminations, pre-set laws and policies – part of macro-social environment - Inter-connection in global economy (context for health, illness and health care) - World population expected to reach 9 billion by 2045 (1% per year) o Most populous – CHINA (20% of all people on earth)  One-child policy  sex-selection abortion (obviously for males) o INDIA – expected to surpass china’s population - Religion influences sexual + reproductive practices - Rising population growth, poverty, and spread of HIV/AIDS – South America + Africa (don’t practice abstinence) o Fertility is highest in sub-Saharan Africa (poorest region in the world with most AIDS prevalence) - Life expectancy is increasing due to decreases in infant/adult mortality from infectious diseases o Increasing 3 months every year in developed countries - By 2050, UK will be largest country in Europe - One billion people in the world are living on less than 1$ per day!!!!!!!!!! - UNITED NATIONS – poverty: “a level of income below that people cannot afford a minimum, nutritionally adequate diet and essential non-food requirements” - Half of the world’s population lack regular access to medical care and essential drugs (poverty is the greatest cause of ill-health and early mortality) - Major impacts of poverty are caused by absence of (most common health outcomes: infectious diseases, malnutrition, reproductive hazards) o Safe water o Environmental sanitation o Adequate diet o Secure housing o Basic education o Income generating opp. o Access to medication/health care - AIDS – HAART treatment o “3 BY 5” initiative – less than 10 % had access to HAART (gave it for free to 3 million people) - $$$$ - Sustained economic growth is essential to raising the standards of living (GNI – gross national income – monetary value of all goods/services prod
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