Textbook Notes (363,094)
Canada (158,187)
Psychology (1,877)
PS285 (38)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 TextBook Notes.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Ketan Shankardass

Chapter 6 – Theories, Models and Interventions applied to sexual Health – TEXTBOOK NOTES Sexual Behaviour – any activity that arouses sexual arousal for pleasure or procreation - Two of the most serious (but rare) STI’s: Syphilis & HIV - Greatest affected by STI’s is 16-24 year olds - Incidence: number of new diagnoses in one year - Sub-Saharan Africa has the world’s highest HIV rate Individual-level approaches for studying people’s actions and choices (top-down approaches) - Health Belief Model (Rosenstock – 1966) – examines predictors and precursors to health behaviour o Perceived susceptibility – individual’s assessment of their risk of acquiring the condition o Perceived severity – IA of seriousness of condition and its’ consequences o Perceived barriers- IA of influences that cause to adopt or shy away from promoted behaviour o Perceived benefits – IA of positive consequences of adopting the behaviour - Likelihood of a behaviour is also influenced by cues to action – reminders to tale an action consistent with our intention o Internal – feeling tired = you relax o External – family members remind you to do something  Demographic factors, psychosocial factors and structural factors (knowledge of condition) have been added to the model)  HBM has been disconfirmed on multiple occasions with multiple studies Protection motivation theory (Rogers) – describes coping with a health threat w/ 2 appraisal processes – threat appraisal and coping appraisal - The appraisals result in an intention (protection motivation)  make you perform an adaptive response or maladaptive response - Behaviour change is best achieved by appealing to individual’s fears – 4 constructs to influences intention to protect o Severity of threatened event o Vulnerability (probability of occurrence)  VS, intrinsic rewards (less hassle not to wear condoms) o Efficacy of recommended preventative behaviour o Perceived self-efficacy  VS. Response costs (Ruins spontaneity) - Protection motivation is maximized when o Threat to health is severe, individual feels vulnerable, adaptive response is believed to be effective for averting threat, person is confident in abilities to complete the adaptive response, rewards associated with maladaptive behaviour are small and costs associated with adaptive response are small - Theory is found to be associated with risk prevention Theory of reasoned action – behavioural intention, attitude and subjective norm - Person is likely to do what they intended to do (person’s behavioural intention depends on person’s attitude about the behaviour and subjective norms) - Implies that all behaviour is under our control Theory of planned Behaviour - Added onto theory of reasoned action – variab
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