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Psychology (1,877)
PS285 (38)
Chapter 2

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Eric Theriault

Health Psychology Chapter 2 Notes – The Macro Social Environment and Health • Health is dependent upon a mixture of environmental and genetic influences • Ways in which environment affects heath: - “Acts of God”; earthquakes, tornados, droughts, famines, volcanoes, hurricanes - Epidemics; Cholera, black death, avian flu, influenza. HIV - Human recklessness; use of fossil fuels causing global warming, acid rain, ozone depletion, rising sea levels/temperatures - Global poverty - Wars • Human pop. In 2010, 6.853,019, expected to rise to 9 billion by 2045 • China has population control with its One Child Policy - Led to reducing family size but led to a rising proportion of males (favoured inAsian culture) by sex-selection abortion • Religions also influence sexual and reproductive practices • Life expectancy has been increasing almost everywhere due to dramatic decreases in infant and adult mortality from infectious diseases • Age profile in any population is displayed as a ‘population pyramid’ • 5.5 out of 6.8 billion people live in developed countries (2010) • World poverty is on a massive scale • According to the United Nations Development Programme poverty is, a level of income below that people cannot afford the minimum nutritionally adequate diet and essential non-food requirements • Major killer HIV/AIDS • Gross National Income, the monetary value of all goods an
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