Textbook Notes (368,780)
Canada (162,164)
Psychology (1,978)
PS366 (37)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

4 Pages
115 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS366
Professor
Todd Ferretti
Semester
Fall

Description
Psycholinguistics – Chapter 1  psycholinguistics - study of how individuals comprehend, produce and acquire language o part of cognitive science o stresses knowledge of language and cognitive processes involved in ordinary language use o also interested in social rules around language and brain mechanisms associated with language o interest in psycholinguistics began in 1950s  introduction o few things play as central a role as language to humans o facial/body language have limited communication capabilities  language provides a way to understand private thoughts of people o jargon is developed to exclude outsiders as well as create a sense of bond to peers  different genders and social classes use language differently (different jargon) o words and word play have become a vital part of our lives  poetry, word puzzles, books...are all sources of communication as well as leisurely devices o psychology of language deals with mental processes that are involved in language use  three primary interests  language comprehension  language production  language acquisition  scope of psycholinguistics o part of emerging field of study called cognitive science  involves psychologists, linguists, computer scientists, neuroscientists and philosophers to study mind and mental processes o integration of psychology and linguistics  linguistics- branch of science that studies origin, structure and use of language  language processes and linguistic knowledge o What knowledge of language is needed for us to use language?  we must know a language to use it, but we're not fully aware that we know this knowledge  tacit knowledge - knowledge of how to perform various acts  explicit knowledge - knowledge of the processes or mechanisms used in the processes  we sometimes know how to do something even without knowing how we know it  autonomous skills  much of our language knowledge is implicit rather than explicit  four language knowledge may be distinguished  semantics - deals with meanings of sentences and words  syntax - involves grammatical arrangement of words within sentences  phonology - concerns system of sounds in a language  pragmatics - entails social rules involved in language use o What cognitive processes are involved in the ordinary use of language?  four language examples o garden path sentences  sentences that initially lead you in one direction to a pre-interpretated destination, but lead you to another, forcing you to backtrack  another part of semantic knowledge is knowledge of relationships among words, helping to shape our interpretation of sentences o indirect requests  Can you open the door?  is socially polite and acceptable as we assume the speaker is speaking to us but in an indirect manner as they use the word "you"  Open the door!  direct command statement 1 Psycholinguistics – Chapter 1  can be seen as intrusive or threatening  women and girls are more likely to use indirect speech rather than direct command sentences  sociolinguistics  study of relationships between language and social behaviour  reminds us that language activities always take place in social world  language varies with social groupings, influences social interactions and is an instrument of culture  language in aphasia o aphasia - language disorder due to brain damage  wernicke's aphasia  breakdown of semantics, but no impairment in phonological knowledge  speech is well articulated with appropriate pauses and intonations  displays appropriate syntactic structure o neurolinguistics - study of relationship between brain and language o brain injuries allow psychologists to analyze how specific injuries and damages to the brain can cause damages to language production/comprehension  language in children o children tend to understand some of the rules tacitly, so that they can use them  example - a child using the word "more" when pointing to milk could refer to having more milk  language acquisition in children is very hard to study o children tend to express themselves in 2 word sentences such as "baby gone", removing closed-class or function words and using open-class or content words  closed-class/ function words - prepositions, conjunctions  open-class/ content words - nouns, verbs, adjectives  this pattern suggests that they intuitively understand the two grammatical classes, part of syntactic knowledge o children's comprehension and production of language cannot be separated from social context in which they master languages  historical context o psycholinguistics flourished twice  once around turn of last century in Europe  once in the middle of 20th century in US  in early decades of 20th century, linguists turned to psycholo
More Less

Related notes for PS366

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit