Textbook Notes (368,799)
Canada (162,168)
Psychology (1,978)
PS390 (34)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Richard Walsh- Bowers

Chapter 9 Philosophical and Scientific Context Herbart proposed that ideas weakened by inhibition could sink under threshold used the term repression and resistanceSchopenhauer argued that human sexuality will trick the will to the service of procreationNietzsche proposed the concepts of sublimation and sexual impulses changing into socially acceptable actionsHartman suggested unconscious forces govern behaviour and slips of the tongue give glimpses into the unconsciousFrued linked the unconscious with individuals motives personal meaning and subconscious desire Friedrich Beneke explained how stimuli can leave a trace in unconsciousness and resurface into consciousness upon the presence of another stimulusMedical Context Hypnosis was used to treat hysteria which was believed to be caused by the unconscious Methods used by mediums became of interest such as trance speech automatic writing and crystal gazing Of interest was the way these experiences reveal subliminal ideas hidden memories and general human psychologyPeirre Janet explained hysteria as a permanent state of dual personality wherein fixed ideas dissociated from consciousness and thought to originate in trauma have an effect on behaviour Janet treated his patients by way of catharsis psychoanalysis oJanet was offended that Freud didnt give him credit for psychoanalytic theory however Freud separated himself in 2 ways Freud emphasized Freuds theory suggests personal that it is unconscious psychological wishes that are the cause processof neurosis and that retrospective meaning and desires shape experiencesFreud understood madness as the result of unconscious desires that automatically govern reflexes sleep impulsivity hypnotic states crime and drunkenness from WalshBowers et al in press whereas his predecessors and contemporaries understood madness as a form of moral degeneracyFreud and the Personal Unconscious1
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