Textbook Notes (367,823)
Canada (161,434)
RE100 (10)

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Religion & Culture
Chris Klassen

- Arrival of immigrants was bringing new religions to Canada - The new religions brought challenges to Canada - Religions lost their roles in health care, and social services as governments began to take the lead. - Transformation of Canadian society o Growth of multicultural ethnic organizations o Diversity of religious organizations - “Freedom” and “human rights” – free citizens could choose whether to practice a religion or not. - Multiculturalism policy – 1980s o Matters of ethnicity and ethnic identity o Support ethnic communities in the preservation of their languages and culture - Ethnic diversity – strength of Canadian society - Religion is in no danger of becoming irrelevant. Understanding “World Religions” - Theorists believed religion was a premodern phenomenon – wrong o Survived the spread of a modern scientific worldview - “The clash of traditional religions with modern science and secular society is a major theme of this book.” (page 7) - Present time – modern era o Began with the rise of science after 1500 CE - Taxonomy – a European construct o Helps organize knowledge about religion in general and about specific religions - Indigenous religions – “the collective name used to designate a group of local religions that share enough common themes or characteristics to make comparison possible. Understanding Religious Experience and Its Expressions - Ancient people – nature govern their destiny o “nature evoke in human beings ambivalent feelings of fascination and dread” (11) MYTH AND RITUAL - Myth – “mythos” – “story” - Myth – symbolic story about the origins of human beings and the world - Individual and the community are related through ritual activities. - Ritual may continue but the myth explaining it may change. - Orthopraxy – acting in the prescribed manner - Orthodoxy – accepting the often intricate doctrines set forth in texts and formulated by scholars MORALITY - Rite – ritual patterns of behaviour that keep life sacred - Quran and hadith are the ethical way of life for Muslims. - Religion requires morality. RELIGIOUS LANGUAGE - Don’t interpret it literally. o It is symbolic.  “God is our rock” - Analogy: describes something less familiar - Negativia – negation The Great Transition: From Tribal Life to Urban Life and the Emergence of World Religions - Urban life led to the specialization of labour. - Society was divided into classes. - Identity was collective in the tribe. o All shared same stories and activities. - Cities – all strangers. - Urban life enhanced awareness of how one person differs from another. - Tribe – eternal - Tribe – ritual - Cities – laws enforced The Great Religious Stories of the World THE MYTHS OF NATURE - Forces of nature govern human destiny – “Shamanism” - Time is the enemy. o Brings decay, old age, sickness and death CHINA AND THE MYTHS OF HARMONY - All of the creation works via the opposites. - The ideal of life is balance and harmony. INDIA AND THE MYTHS OF LIBERATION - Life understood through the metaphors of the natural cycles and rhythms of nature. - Life was seen as suffering
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