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RE204 (3)

The Parting of the Ways - Bauckham

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Religion & Culture
Holly Pearse

The Parting of the Ways - Bauckham  What happened and Why o Older model thought of Judaism as constant and Christianity as development which grew out of Judaism to become a new religion  Rabbinic Judaism can be seen as legitimate heir of religion of the Hebrew Bible  Result of a considerable development in the post-70 period o Judaism continued, Christianity broke away o Gabriele Boccaccini treated Christianity as one form of Judaism  All offshoots of middle Judaism o First century CE where most diverse Judaisms coexisted  Two Judaisms prevailed, Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism o Rabbis at Yavneh set out to delegitimize all othrd kinds of Judaism  Did not fully succeed in Palestine until 3 century  Major factor in estrangement of Jews and Christians in Diaspora o Encourages one to think of the varieties of Second Temple Judaism as rather like Christian denominations  Like the denominations of modern Christianity  Every Jew belonged to one of the so-called Judaisms o Jews in Palestine and Diaspora, were just Jews o Talk of many Judaisms moves easily from different interpretations of Judaism in literature to postulating distinct groups  Differing interpretations of religion can easily coexist within single unified community o Distinction between Pharisees and Sadducees not as the same distinction between Jews and Samaritans  May be better to reserve distinction between Samaritan and Christianity  May also help us understand how they could come to consider Christians as Samaritans o Model of many Judaisms makes it easy to locate Christianity as one more Judaism among other pre-70 Judaisms  Common and unifying core for Second Temple Judaism, fourfold foundation o Four Pillars of Second Temple Judaism (J. D. G. Dunn)  Monotheism  Election  Torah  Temple  Many denominations of Judaism have these pillars, as well as other biblical religions o Judaism (common Judaism) focuses on the temple, it is what the priests and people agree agreed on o Model of common Judaism (E.P. Sanders)  The Temple  The Torah  The one God who was worshipped in the temple and obeyed in following the torah The Parting of the Ways - Bauckham  Election as his covenant people to whom he had given temple and torah  Gave them common identity o Samaritans  Was a form of Judaism  Not a simple continuation of pre-exilic religion but schismatic form of post-exilic Judaism  Worshiped God as one and only God  Kept law of Moses  Practiced circumcision as sign of covenant  Understood themselves to e faithful part of the elect people of God  Jews regarded them as Gentile  Because they were circumcised, were recognized as part of the covenant people  Samaritan rejection of Jerusalem temple caused a lot of antipathy between the two groups  Dangerous for Jews to pass through Samaria to get to Jerusalem  Worship of another temple put them as outsiders to the Jerusalem Jews  Other beliefs and practices were the same  Jews and outsiders called them Samaritans, but relation was not clear to outsiders o Qumran Community  Only Jewish group that can be considered a sect rather than a party  Did not participate in worship of the temple  This differentiated them from other groups  Strongly believed that God of Israel would be worshipped in Jerusalem, even in the future o Heuristc model suggests Christianty began as
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