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RE251 (1)
Chapter 30-75

RE251 Chapter 30-75: Test one, notable textbook notes
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Department
Religion & Culture
Course
RE251
Professor
Janet Mc Lellan
Semester
Winter

Description
Textbook notes: 1 Tuesday, January 24, 2017 4:07 AM - Shang Dynasty > c. 1550 -1045 - Confucius 551 -479 BCE? - Han Dynasty 206BCE - 220 CE Ø Oracle bones and bronze inscriptions - provide important clues about key features of ancient religious life. >> this includes "ancestor veneration(great respect)" and a belief in a supernatural realm populated by various gods and spirits which is closely correlated with the human world. Historical frameworks - China has one of the oldest civilizations in the world. - 10,000 BCE can perhaps be said to be the beginning of "proto -Chinese" history. By 5000 BCE , variety of localized and heterogeneous Neolithic cultures - emerged in some of the river valleys in both the northern and southern parts of China. - Well known example of Neolithic civilization is the Yangshao culture > flourished approx. During the 5000- 3000 BCE period in the area of north china. (present day provinces of Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Gansu) - Other prominent Neolithic cultures are those of Hongshan, Liangzhu and Longshan - Traditional historiography traces the beginning of Chinese dynastic history of the legendary Xia dynasty (chronology is usually given as 2207 -1766 BCE) Ø INCLUDED IN THE THREE ANCIENT DYNASTIES OF CHINA: → XIA - not sure if actually existed → SHANG - more stable in terms of historical ground, north china sometimes referred to the cradle of Chinese civilization. - Later came to be known as china proper. - Witnessed the formation of multifaceted urban centers, more involved stratification and organization of society, use of horse -drawn chariots, occupational specialization growth and emergence of ritual specialists and diviners. - Increase in use of writing → ZHOU 1122 -265 BCE - Begun with the defeat of the Shang army. stratification and organization of society, use of horse -drawn chariots, occupational specialization growth and emergence of ritual specialists and diviners. - Increase in use of writing → ZHOU 1122 -265 BCE - Begun with the defeat of the Shang army. - Interpreted by Confucius and followers as the golden age of china. - Set up a hierarchical social structure and decentralized system of governance. - Sociopolitical order centered on the relationship between the lord and his vassals - Often referred to as a feudal system. - Hegemony lasted until 771 BCE After this period divided into two distinctive periods : western Zhou and eastern - Zhou . - Mandate of heaven comes into political play in this time period - Main spiritual sources moves from ShangDi to Tian or "Heaven
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