Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (220)
SY101 (172)

3 - Culture

3 Pages
Unlock Document


CULTURE WHAT IS CULTURE? - The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviours, and even material objects that are passed from one generation to the next - The material culture – jewelry, art, buildings, weapons, machines, hairstyles, and clothing - Nonmaterial culture – ways of thinking, beliefs, values, and other assumptions about the world COMPONENTS OF SYMBOLIC CULTURE - Nonmaterial culture – symbolic culture o Symbols that people use to communicate Gestures - The use of one’s body to communicate with others Language - A system of symbols that can by strung together in an infinite number of ways for the purpose of communicating abstract thought. - Language allows human experience to be cumulative o We pass ideas, knowledge, and even attitudes on to the next generation. - Language provides a social or shared past and future - Languages allows complex, shared, goal-directed behaviour - Language and perception: the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis o Alert us as to how extensively we are affected by language. o Reverses common senses  Suggests that rather than objects and events forcing themselves into our consciousness, our language determines our consciousness, and our perceptions of objects and events Values, Norms and Sanctions - Values – ideas of what is desirable in life o Standards by which people define good and bad, beautiful and ugly - Norms – the expectations, or rules of behaviour, that develop out of a group’s values - Sanctions – positive or negative reactions to the way people follow norms o Positive sanctions: money reward, prize, hugs, smiles o Negative sanctions: frowns, stares, harsh words Folkways and Mores - Folkways – norms that are not strictly enforced - Mores – norms taken much more seriously - Taboo – norm so strongly engrained that even the thought of its violation is greeted with revulsion Pierre Bourdieu and Cultural Capital - Developed the concept of cultural capital - Noted that certain “cultural habits and dispositions” inherited from family are fundamentally important to school success - Children from the middle and upper classes possess cultural capital or set of “habits and dispositions” that give them advantages over children from the working class. - Culture – source of shared norms and values o Share many of the prop
More Less

Related notes for SY101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.