Textbook Notes (369,082)
Canada (162,376)
Sociology (220)
SY101 (172)

8 - Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity

4 Pages

Course Code

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
INEQUALITIES OF RACE AND ETHNICITY - Genocide is the attempt to annihilate a people simply because of their presumed race or ethnicity LAYING THE SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATION Race: Myth and Reality - Race – a group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group COMMON SENSE VERSUS SOCIOLOGY - Common sense: our racial classifications represent biological differences between people - Sociologists: what we call “races” are social classifications, not biological categories - Modern geneticists conclude that there is only one racial category of humans: Homo sapiens Ethnic Groups - Ethnicity and ethnic – cultural characteristics that distinguish one group from another - Ethnic work – the way people construct their ethnicity Minority Groups and Dominant Groups - Minority group – people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination o Does not refer the numerical minority - Dominant group – those who do the discriminating since they have greater power, privileges, and social status EMERGENCE OF MINORITY GROUPS - A group becomes a minority in one of two ways: o Through the expansion of political boundaries  When a group expands its political boundaries, it produces minority groups if it incorporates people with different customs, languages, values, and physical characteristics into one political entity o Through migration SHARED CHARACTERISTICS - 5 characteristics shared by minorities worldwide: o Membership in a minority group is an ascribed status; not voluntary, but comes through birth o The physical or cultural traits that distinguish minorities are held in low esteem by the dominant group o Minorities are unequally treated by the dominant group o Minorities tend to marry within their own group o Minorities tend to feel strong group solidarity Prejudice and Discrimination - Discrimination is an action–unfair treatment directed against someone - Racism – when the basis of discrimination is race - Discrimination is often the result of an attitude called prejudice o Prejudice – prejudgement, usually in a negative sense LEARNING FROM ASSOCIATION - We glean prejudice from the people around us Individual and Institutional Discrimination - Individual discrimination – the negative treatment of one person by another - Institutional discrimination – THEORIES OF PREJUDICE - People who are prejudiced against one racial or ethnic group tend to also be prejudiced against others - Prejudice does not depend on negative experiences with others o People can be and are prejudiced against people they have never met and ever against groups that do not exist Psychological Perspectives FRUSTRATION AND SCAPEGOATS - Scapegoat – a racial, ethnic, or religious minority people blame for their troubles THE AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY - Highly prejudiced people are insecure, are highly conformist, have deep respect for authority, and are highly submissive to superiors - They believe that things are either right or wrong Sociological Theories - Sociologists – the key to understand prejudice is not the internal state of individuals, but factors outside the individuals FUNCTIONALISM - The social environment can be deliberately arranged to generate either positive or negative feelings about people - Prejudice can be a product of putting group against group in an “I win, you lose” situa
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.