Textbook Notes (362,768)
Canada (158,052)
Sociology (197)
SY101 (154)

12 - Politics

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Wilfrid Laurier University

POLITICS: POWER AND AUTHORITY MICROPOLITIC AND MACROPOLITICS - Power – the ability to carry out your will in spite of resistance - Micropolitics – the exercise of power in everyday life - Every group is political, for in every group there is a power struggle of some sort - Macropolitics – the exercise of large-scale power over a large group POWER, AUTHORITY, AND VIOLENCE - Authority – legitimate power - Coercion – illegitimate power (not accepted as morally correct) Authority and Legitimate Violence - The state claims the exclusive right to use violence and the right to punish anyone else who does THE COLLAPSE OF AUTHORITY - Revolution – armed resistance with the intention to overthrow a government o Not only a people’s rejection of a government’s claim to rule over them but also a rejection of its monopoly on violence - The more its power is seen as legitimate, the more stable a government is. Traditional Authority - Most common form - Based on custom - Example of traditional authority: gender relations in most human groups, parental authority - Undermined by industrialization because people are exposed to new experiences Rational-Legal Authority - Based on written rules - “rational” – reasonable, “legal” – part of law - Also called bureaucratic authority Charismatic Authority - Someone to whom people are drawn because they believe the person has been touched by God or has been endowed by nature with exceptional qualities The Transfer of Authority - Routinization of charisma – the transition of authority from a charismatic leader to rational- legal authority TYPES OF GOVERNMENT Monarchies: The Rise of the State - City-states – the first type of government - Monarchy – with a king or queen whose right to rule considered hereditary Democracies: Citizenship as a Revolutionary Idea - Democracy – power to the people - Direct democracy – small enough for eligible voters to meet, express opinions, and vote publicly - Representative democracy – for large populations - Citizenship – people have basic right by virtue of birth and residence - Universal citizenship – everyone having the same basic rights by virtue of being born in a country Dictatorships and Oligarchies: The Seizure of Power - Dictatorship – a government run by a single person who has seized power - Oligarchy – a small group seizes power - Totalitarianism – total control of a people by a government THE CANADIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM - Parliament – the supreme national lawmaking authority for all matters that fall within its jurisdiction - Unitary state – all power resides with the central government - Confederal union – provinces have most of the powers and the central government has little authority to enforce national decisions on the “sovereign provinces. What is the Parliamentary System in Canada?
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