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SY101 (154)
Chapter 1

What Is Sociology- chapter one This was my lecture notes su..
What Is Sociology- chapter one This was my lecture notes supplimented by the textbook for chapter one, two and three on September 13th-21st. I took what Dr. Luccisano said and then went to the textbook to eleborate and suppliment everything she said. I pa

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Lucy Luccisano

SY 101B September 13 2010 th Dr. Lucy Luccisano [email protected] or x2866 Office hours: Monday 1-2pm DAWB 5-136 Available to us Study Skills center: www.wlu.ca/study Power point slides are being posted on "my learning space" 5 extra readings; in the library Guidelines for essay writing. 2002. Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Wilfrid laurier University http://www.wlu.ca/wwwsoc/student/essay%20guidelines/guidelines%202002-03.pdf Summary of the Grading Breakdown Wednesday Oct. 6th - TEST 25% Wednesday November 3rd- TEST 30% Tutorial 5% Tutorial Attendance Wednesday October 20th Assignment #1 5% Due in tutorials Wednesday November 24 Assignment #2 5% Due in tutorials Final exam 30% TBA Exam includes: Lectures, readings, films, tutorial materials Tutorials: written short essays need to be handed in to TA's Tutorials are during class time on Wednesdays Check my learning space on September 27th to find out what tutorial you're in Page 4 of syllabus for tutorial leader, room and building number Jennifer Boyd Thursday 7-9pm -S.I Study skills, note taking skills etc. Office hours 6-7pm 1C14 Info being posted on "my learning space" BA112 What is Sociology?? Chapter one September-13-10 11:43 AM Sociology: the study of society and human behaviour Examination of how society is created,. Maintained and changed Research challenges common sense knowledge and helps us to understand that many "natural" things are socially constructed and organized Provides opportunities to think critically about taken-for-granted assumptions Helps to explain how personal experiences are shaped by social processes and social institutions Scientific study of society and human behaviour Interested on the affects that people have on one another o What are people doing with each other o What are people's relationships with each other o Why do people react certain ways with each other Social Location (income, education, gender, age and ethnicity)- why people do what they do based on where people are located in a particular society (text page 2) Different social locations will have a different effect on how you react and how you behave around other people/ locations (ex of location: teacher) Natural Science o Intellectual and academic disciplines designed to comprehend, explain and predict event in our natural environment Social Sciences (text page 5) o Examines human relationships o Attempt to understand the social world and just as the world of nature contains order (or lawful) relationships that are not obvious but must be discovered through theoretical advances and controlled observation, the ordered relationships of the human or social world are not obvious Political science: focuses on how people govern themselves Economics: is the social science that deals with the theory and management of the production, distributio0n, and consumption of goods Anthropology: examines the origins of human migration and the development of tools, techniques, kinships, value systems and social relationships Psychology: processes that occur within the individual Sociology: disciplined study of human social behaviour Origins of Sociology (text page 8) o Three factors combined to lead to it's development o Industrial revolution: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and John Locke (1632-1704) Pointed out that human growth and development can only happen when tradition gives away to reason Reason and science in turn contribute to the ability of people to comprehend, change and perhaps control not only their society but also the world as a whole o Imperialism: New european empires stretching from Asia through Africa to North America exposed them radically different cultures. Europeans began asking why cultures differed Sociology took on the task of understanding the social changes Success of natural sciences Used the scientific method- objective procedures used to acquire knowledge on evidence- uncovered truths about the physical world that had been concealed in nature Peter Berger o That "something" is "society within us" -> culture o That something inside of us dictates how we behave in society based on our culture o When and where we grow up influences our sociological understanding of behaviour o Everybody has something different with in them based on where they live and their location o Social construction vs. Instinct o Focus of social constructionism is to uncover the ways in which individuals and groups participate in the creation of their perceived reality o Things that appear obvious and natural are in fact not (ex. Men in skirts) o Cultural normalities and societal normalities are very different (ex men taking leaves to stay with their children over the women) o 1963 "Invitation to sociology" Berger -> what seems natural and normal is not o Believed that Individuals who like rules and take advantage of life rules should avoid sociology C Wright Mills (1916-1962) he believes sociology is: o "Sociological Imagination" 1959: sociological vision- a way of looking at the world that allows links between the apparently private problems of the individual and important social issues o HOW PEOPLE ARE INFLUENCED BY THEIR SOCIETY o Difference between "personal troubles" and "public issues" of social structure o 6 to 10 workers are unable to live past pay checks (pay check living) o Believes we don't do things because of our inheritance, rather we do stuff based on society's influence Sociology A social (rather than a natural) science What makes sociology a science??? o Human life is complicated and constantly changing o Sociology is a commitment to an approach o Has a method and a scientific approach o Defined by a sceptical perspective o A negativistic logic: doesn't believe in the solutions of today but rather the ones of tomorrow o Communalism: method of producing results o A systematic approach to enquiry: guided by logic (decisions) Development of Sociology (3 factors) Enlightenment Modernity Industrialization Sociology coincides with the French revolution Really concerned about industrialisation
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