SY101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Aryan Nations, Authoritarian Personality, Japanese Canadians

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20 Apr 2018
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CHAPTER 9
Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
- Race: Myth and Reality
o Race: a group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from
another group
- Common sense vs. Sociology
o Our racial classifications represent biological differences between people
o What e all aes ae atuall soial statifiatios
o Modern geneticists conclude that there is only one racial category of humans
Homo sapiens
- Racial Superiority
o W.I Thomas observed what people believe affects social life, for people act on
beliefs, not facts
As a result, the ideas of race that are embedded in culture influence
attitudes and behaviors
- Ethnic Groups
o Ethnicity refers to cultural characteristics (derived from the Geek ok ethos
eaig people
o Sense of belonging centres on nation of origin, distinctive foods, dress, family
names and relationships, language, music, religion, and other customs
Jews are more considered an ethnic group than a race
o Ethnic work is the way people construct their identity how they enhance and
aitai thei goup’s distitios
o Attempts to recover ethnic heritage
- Minority Groups
o Louis Wirth defined minority groups as people who are singled out for unequal
treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
o Minority group does not mean numerical minority
o Those who do the discriminating are the dominant group
- Emergence of Minority Groups
o A group becomes a minority in two ways:
Expansion of political boundaries as a result of a decisive military victory
When a group expands its political boundaries, it produces minority
groups if it incorporates with different customs, languages, values
and physical characteristics
Migration voluntary or involuntary
- 5 Shared Characteristics shared by Minorities
o Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris
1. Membership in a minority group is an ascribed status; that is, it is not
voluntary, but comes through birth
2. The physical and cultural traits that distinguish minorities are held in low
esteem by the dominant group
3. Minorities are unequally treated by dominant groups
4. Minorities tend to marry within their own group
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5. Mioities ted to feel stog goup solidait (a sese of e-ess ad of
belonging somewhere).
o Create a shared sense of identity and common destiny among minorities
- Prejudice and Discrimination
o Discrimination is an action
o When discrimination is based on a race it is racism
o Discrimination is often the result of an attitude called prejudice
Positive prejudice exaggerates the virtues of a group
Negative prejudice prejudging a group based as inferior
- Learning from Association
o We are not born with prejudice, we learn it
o Kathleen Blee interviewed women from the KKK and Aryan Nations
o Racism is not the cause of joining groups, but a result of membership
- Individual and Institutional Discrimination
o Sociologists stress that we need to move beyond thinking in terms of individual
discrimination (negative treatment of one person by another)
o Encourage us to examine institutional discrimination how discrimination is
woven into society where it becomes a routine
o Known as apartheid in South Africa, here the forced resettlement and
epopiatio of popet of Japaese Caadias as ee alies duig WW2
Theories of Prejudice
- Eugene Hartley showed that much more is involved when he asked people how they felt
about various racial and ethnic groups he made up names of races and those who
disliked Jews also said they disliked these fake races
- “igifiat eause …
o People who are prejudice against one race are usually also prejudice against
others
o Prejudice does not depend on negative experiences with others
- Psychological Perspectives
- Frustration and Scapegoats
o John Dollard suggests that prejudice is the result of frustration find someone
else to blame
o Scapegoat is a minority they unfairly blame for their troubles because it is
convenient
- The Authoritarian Personality
o Theodor Adorno developed 3 scales: a series of statements that measured
ethnocentrism, anti-Semitism, and support for strong authoritarian leaders
o Found that people who score higher on one scale also scored higher on the other
o Concluded that highly prejudice people have several things in common insecure,
highly conformist, respect for authority, and are highly submissive to superiors
authoritarian personality
- Sociological Perspectives
- Functionalism
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Document Summary

Race: myth and reality: race: a group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group. Common sense vs. sociology: our racial classifications represent biological differences between people, what (cid:449)e (cid:272)all (cid:862)(cid:396)a(cid:272)es(cid:863) a(cid:396)e a(cid:272)tuall(cid:455) so(cid:272)ial st(cid:396)atifi(cid:272)atio(cid:374)s, modern geneticists conclude that there is only one racial category of humans . Racial superiority: w. i thomas observed what people believe affects social life, for people act on beliefs, not facts, as a result, the ideas of race that are embedded in culture influence. Jews are more considered an ethnic group than a race: ethnic work is the way people construct their identity how they enhance and (cid:373)ai(cid:374)tai(cid:374) thei(cid:396) g(cid:396)oup"s disti(cid:374)(cid:272)tio(cid:374)s, attempts to recover ethnic heritage. We are not born with prejudice, we learn it: kathleen blee interviewed women from the kkk and aryan nations, racism is not the cause of joining groups, but a result of membership.

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