Textbook Notes (368,326)
Canada (161,799)
York University (12,828)
ADMS 1000 (315)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Notes

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 1000
Eytan Lasry

Readings – Chapter 1 How’s business in Canada? Skilled work force, low cost of doing business, transportation system & access to domestic & global markets Cost-effective business real estate, favourable business climate & attractive quality of life The economist intelligence unit (EIU) rates Canada #1 from ’05-‘09 Business & Industry Canada is #11 for its gross domestic product & per capita GDP Manufacturing (transportation equipment, food, chemicals & petroleum products) is a key part of the Canadian economy (more than 14%) Employment & Labour Workers are highly skilled, motivated & reasonably paid Wages are stable Competitiveness Canada is the overall leader Taxes & Spending There’s no shortage of incentives to assist business taxpayers Income taxes account for more than 8% of federal, provincial, territorial & local gmnt revenue Managing Canada 46% of workers are so unhappy that they would switch jobs More people willing to leave jobs than before “grass is greener elsewhere” 27% say job performance is reflected by their pay Changing GM’s Organizational Structure Changing to become more competitive Reduce bureaucracy & rigid rules that impede innovation in car design Little communication would occur among stages & departments www.notesolution.com Under new structure, GM can make better vehicles, & make better decisions regarding design The External Context of Business Based on the organizations specific or task environment, & the organization’s general environment Specific or Task Environment Groups that have direct influence on the organization’s ability to get resources & create outputs Includes organization’s customers, suppliers, employees, competitors, unions, distributors, creditors, local public & gmnt General Environment Forces that make up the general environment, such as economic, competitive, technological, societal, global & political forces Economic Forces Influences the present & future of an organization International economic gmnt ties between U.S.A. and Canada Organizations are forced to adapt to economic conditions When short of money, downsizing is forced ie. During recession in 1990’s, massive downsizing & layoffs of members Downsizing also effects relationship b/w employee-employer Lifetime employment is more rare these d ayms ore popular from 1950’s-1970’s Today part-time & temporary work are more common Competitive Forces Organizations are always creating new & better methods of serving customers **innovation Technological Forces Technology is important for how organizations function, how the obtain resources & how effective they are Technology increased flexibility in work arrangeme nttelecommuting (work from home), use of fax machines to get things to the office efficiently www.notesolution.com Societal Forces Example—increasing concern for welfare as societies learn more about human rights Fairness in the workplace, pay equity between genders Business’ must respond to soci etychange (aging population= more healthcare) Values/ethics about operations
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