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Chapter 9

ADMS 1000 Chapter 9: Chapter 9

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York University
Administrative Studies
ADMS 1000
Paulette Burgher

Chapter 9 – Political forces The Canadian Business Enterprise System: Fundamental Features • Mixed system is a economic system that involves capitalist economy with an important government role • Business enterprise system is a system all developed countries possess that determines what goods and services are distributed to society and how the goods and services produced are distributed to the society • Capitalism is a type of economic system that is based on a number of systems: - Rights of Individual - Rights of Private Property - Competition  Invisible hand of the market: individuals led by an invisible hand to promote greater public interest - The Role of the Government  Laissez faire: meaning that businesses or manufacturers should be free to sell and make what they want  Free enterprise system: another term of laissez faire that the government shouldn’t interfere in business affairs Levels of Government Federal - Highest level of government, governs all of Canadian citizens, residents, and others across Canada - Led by the Prime Minister of Canada Two departments: - The Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA) is a federal department that administers income tax collections from corporations and individuals - Canada Post Corporation is a federal crown corporation that provides mail delivery service across Canada Provincial and Territorial - Regional level of government in Canada that only affects those citizens and residents that live in the particular province - Responsible of highways, health care, education and transportation - Premier is called the leader - A commissioner is appointed to run a territory Municipal - Lowest level of government in Canada, governs a city or a small community - Responsibilities include police services, fire protection, garbage collection, library services - Leader is a mayor, but the leader of rural area may be called reeve - Gov’t affects industry because of laws, trade regulations, licences etc. Federal Government Structure Governor General - Plays a passive role administrative role and usually follows the advice of the Prime Minister - Holder of executive authority in Canada’s government - Appoints PM and swears them into office - Signs bills before they become laws Prime Minister - Leader of Canada, typically the person who is held responsible for all the government’s actions - Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is the office that assists PM in daily activites - Private Council Office (PCO) is policy-advising agency that serves the Prime Minister - Ministers or departments help the PM run the country by specializing in various activities such as health, fisheries, justice, and national defence - Cabinet are the Members of Parliament who are appointed by the prime minister to oversee an assigned minister or department Parliamentary - Consists of the House of Commons and the Senate - House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament, where Members of Parliaments sit to discuss, debate, and amend bills to pass legislation - Senate is the upper house of the Parliament, where a bill is passed after it has been approved by the house of commons Government as a Guardian of Society The Tax Collector Role • Two forms of Taxes: • Tax Revenue is to collect money to fund government services and programs - Individual income tax provide the largest source of revenue for federal and provincial government (levied on people’s income or net profit of proprietorships&partnership) - Corporate Income Tax provide second largest source of revenue for federal government - Sales Taxes are important source of revenue, which is tax paid through retail stores, acting as collection agents when they sell their goods to consumers - Property Taxes is the largest revenue source for municipal governments , used to fund operating costs of the municipal government • Restrictive or Regulatory Taxes consists of: Restrictive Tax: aimed at controlling specific types of products - Excise Tax: applies to goods and services government plans on restricting - Customs duties or Tariffs Government as Guardian of Society: - Collecting taxes from businesses - Acting as business owners - Regulating the business sector - Safeguarding Canadian interest in the global context Government as Guardian of Business: - Spending money on private busines
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