Textbook Notes (363,566)
Canada (158,433)
York University (12,360)
ADMS 2400 (101)

2 Perception and Individual Differences.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Administrative Studies
ADMS 2400
Indira Somwaru

2 Perception and Individual Differences What is perception? - The process of interpreting one’s environment o One major function of this is recognition of objects o OB focuses on people instead - Social cognition o How people perceive one another - Four stage sequence o Stage 1: selective attention/comprehension  Attention: being consciously aware of something or someone  Focuses on certain information o Stage 2: Encoding and simplification  Schema: mental picture of an event or object o Stage 3: Storage and Retention  Storing information in long-term memory  Event memory: containing information of specific and general events e.g. going to a restaurant, at a job interview, and going to a food store or a movie  Semantic memory: general knowledge about the world e.g. associated traits, emotional states, physical characteristics, and behaviours o Stage 4: Retrieval and response  Makes judgements and decisions that are based on either Managerial Implications - Many of the managerial activities listed below are affected by perception - Hiring o Implicit cognition: any thought of belief that is automatically activated without conscious awareness o Very biased decisions are then made from interviewers - Performance Appraisal o Managers are advised to use more objectively-based measures of performance as much as possible, because if subjective indicators are prone to bias and inaccuracy - Leadership o Good leaders exhibit  Assigning specific tasks to group members  Telling others that they had done well  Setting specific goals for the group  Letting other group members make decisions  Trying to get the group to work as a team  Maintaining definite standards of performance o Poor leaders exhibit  Telling others that they had performed poorly  Insisting on having their own way  Doing things without explaining themselves
More Less

Related notes for ADMS 2400

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.