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Chapter 1

ADMS 2511 Chapter 1

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York University
Administrative Studies
ADMS 2511
Cristobal Sanchez- Rodriguez

CHAPTER 1: THE MODERN OGRANIZATION IN THE GLOBAL, WEB-BASED ENVIRONMENT Management Information Systems: deals with planning for – and the development, management, and use of – information technology tools to help people perform tasks related to information processing and management Information Technology: relates to any computer based tool that people use to work with information and to support the information and information-processing needs of an organization 1.1 INFORMATION SYSTEMS - Purpose of information systems is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right amount and in the right format. - Intended to supply useful information Data, Information and Knowledge - Data items refer to an elementary description of things, events, activities and transactions that are recorded, classified and stored but which are not organized to convey any specific meaning o Ex. Students grades, hours worked in a week - Information refers to data that has been organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient o Ex. GPA is data, but a student’s name coupled to it = information - Knowledge consists of data, and/or information that has been organized and processed to convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning and expertise as applied to a current business problem Information Technology Architecture - A high level map or plan of the information assets in an organization - Guide for current operations and blueprint for future direction - Shows how all aspects of IT in an organization fit together Information Technology Infrastructure - Consists of physical facilities, IT components, IT services and IT personnel that support the entire organization - IT components are the computer hardware, software and communication technologies that provide the foundation for all of an organization’s information systems - IT personnel use IT components to produce IT services which include data management, systems development and security management. 1.2 THE GLOBAL, WEB-BASED PLATFORM - is best represented by internet and functionality of World Wide Web - platform enables individuals to connect, compute, communicate, collaborate, and compete everywhere and anywhere, anytime and all the time; to access limitless amounts of information, services and entertainment; to exchange knowledge and to produce and sell goods and services. - Globalization: the integration and increasing interdependence, across geographic boundaries of economic, social, cultural and ecological facets of life Three Stages of Globalization - Globalization 1.0: 1492-1800 Countries - Globalization 2.0: 1800-2000 Companies - Globalization 3.0: 2000-Present Groups and Individuals 1.3 BUSINESS PRESSU
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