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Chapter 4

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 3450
Lois King

Chapter 4 BlacksADMS 3450Blacks in the MilitarySegregation and discrimination extended to the armed forces where fellow White military personnel and nonmilitary personnel alike were openly hostile toward Black servicemenThroughout World War II Blacks experienced sanctioned segregation and discrimination as did their non service counterparts 10 For many years Blacks in the military were restricted to jobs such as janitor clerk cafeteria worker and laborer even when they were qualified for higher jobsOther overt discrimination took the form of unfounded accusations against Black soldiers for theft insubordination and the rape and harassment of White women the latter two of which were lifethreatening chargesOn some military bases in the South Black soldiers had to drink from separate water fountains while White soldiers and German prisoners of war drank from the fountains for Whites onlyWhite children Outside military bases Blacks in these areas had to ride in the backs of trolleys and busses and in the colored sections of trains draftees reported to duty after long rides at the back of segregated busses Soldiers were denied service in restaurants theaters and bars in many cities and at times faced open hostility assault and even lynching by townspeopleThe Civil Rights MovementBlacks had resisted discrimination and segregation for many years but it was not until the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s that substantial social and legal changes and the securing of rights previously denied to Blacks were achievedMost of the sitins occurred in the South but stores in the North also faced negative consequences arising from the discriminatory actions of their counterparts in the South eg Woolworths a large discount store that had locations in both the North and SouthThe Dont buy where you cant work slogan used in many effective boycotts which began as early as 1938 when Black leaders called for boycotts and picketing against organizations that refused to hire Blacks sums up the potential for lost business when an organization becomes known for not valuing diversityWhites who supported Black causes in the South risked ostracism harassment and murderRELEVANT LEGISLATIONPerhaps the most important piece of legislation relevant to the experiences of Blacks in organizations is Title VII of the Civil Rights ActExecutive orders in support of affirmative action are also particularly relevant to the employment experiences of African Americans because of the need for proactive non discrimination measures as opposed to the passive provisions of Title VII
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