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Chapter 143450

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Administrative Studies
ADMS 3450
Lois King

Physical and mental disabilityChapter 14 ADMS 3450 438HistoryCurrent beliefs about people with disabilities that they areincompetent unable to work and to be fearedare similar to those that have existed throughout historyPeople who could not walk were carried about and had to beg for a living people with leprosy were banished from villages and townsSchools for the blind and deaf isolated children with sensory impairments from other children much as segregated schools separated children by raceWords like cripple deaf and dumb crazy and retard reflect commonly held perceptions about the abilities of those with physical or mental disabilities and are reminders of the power of languageRoosevelt a paraplegic due to polio he contracted as an adult advocated that governments and individuals should play a role in helping people with disabilities to obtain the best assistance and care possibleRELEVANT LEGISLATIONThe express purpose of the ADA is to provide a clear and convincing national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities and to provide clear strong consistent enforceable standards for addressing discrimination against individuals with disabilities One important difference between the ADA and its precursor the RA is that in addition to prohibiting discrimination the RA requires the federal government to take affirmative action for the hiring placement and advancement of people with disabilities The ADA prohibits private employers and state and local governments having fifteen or more employees for twenty or more weeks per year employment agencies and labor unions from discriminating against qualified persons in employment matters such as hiring firing advancement compensation and job training and other terms conditions and privileges of employmentFederal employees are covered under the RA because the acts are substantially similar in purpose and definitionsUnder the ADA a person with a disability is one who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities has a record of such impairment or is regarded as having such impairment
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