downsizing is more likely in lean times than rich. changes also effect employer-employee relationships; lifetime employment doesn"t occur now. Pattern of career movement within an organization more flatter hierarchies: competitive change. competition will always be there; understanding what to do next is critical. organizations m ust adapt to change as markets get faster-growing & there"s more demand. organizations m ust constantly be creating new & better methods for serving customers: technological change. It brings threats & benefits (flexibility telework: legal/political change. deregulation & privatization are governmental changes on business strategy. Increased emphasis on organizational justice how employees are treated. merit-based pay & pay-for-performance: societal change. Businesses must adapt to societies & changes they undergo. Ie, aging population is in demand for health care www. notesolution. com. Increasing education level at work has created changes knowledge work: global change.