Chapter 1
Information Systems: to get the right information to the right people at the right time in
the right amount and in the right format
Data items: refer to an elementary description of things, events, activities, and transactions
that are recorded, classified, and stored but which are not organized to convey any specific
meaning
Information: refers to data that has been organized so that they have meaning and value to
the recipient
Knowledge: consists of data and/or information that has been organized and processed to
convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning, and expertise as applied to a
current business problem
Information Technology Architecture:
๎€High level map or plan of the information assets in an organization
๎€Integrates the entire organizations business needs for information, the it
infrastructure and all applications
๎€Shows how all aspects of information technology in an organization fit together
Information Technology Infrastructure:
๎€Consists of physical facilities, IT components, IT services, and IT personnel that
support the entire organization
๎€It components are the computer hardware, software, and communications
technologies that provide the foundation for all of an organizations information
systems (bottom of pyramid)
๎€ Middle of the pyramid, IT personnel use IT components to produce IT services,
which include data management, systems development, and security development
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 22 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Global web based platform: enables individuals to connect, compute, communicate,
collaborate, and compete everywhere and anywhere, anytime and all the time, to access
limitless amounts of information, services, and entertainment to exchange knowledge and
to produce and sell goods and services. Enables globalization
Globalization: integration and increasing interdependence across geographic boundaries, of
economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life
๎€First era: 1422-1800, force behind globalization was how much muscle, horsepower,
wind power, or steam power a country had and could deploy
oFocus: on countries
๎€Second era: 1800-2000, force was multinational companies (headquarters in one
country but operated in more)
oFocus: Companies
๎€Third era: 2000-till now, emergence of global, web based platform
oFocus: Groups and individuals
Freidmans 10 Flatteners: contributed to the emergence of third era and the flat world
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 22 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
๎€Fall of the Berlin Wall:
oNov 1989, subsequently follows the collapse of the Soviet Union and the
communist governments of Eastern Europe enabled these countries to move
toward free-market economics and away from totalitarian, centrally planned
economics
oCountries joined EU and grew single market
๎€Netscape goes public
oAug 1995, made internet public and in a format easy to use
๎€Development of work flow software
oEnables computer applications to interoperate or communicate and work with
one another without human intervention
๎€Uploading
oCreating and uploading content to the web
๎€Outsourcing
oTaking specific function that your company was doing itself, having another
company perform that same function for you, and then integrating their work
back into your operation
oTo lower costs and concentrate on core competancies
๎€Offshoring
oCompany moves an entire operation or certain tasks to another country
oCheaper labour, lower taxes, fewer benefits
oServe a foreign market without trade barriers
๎€Supply Chaining
oCompanies, suppliers, and their customers collaborate and share information
๎€Insourcing
oDelegates operations or jobs within a business to another company which
specializes in those operations
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 22 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Information systems: to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right amount and in the right format. Data items: refer to an elementary description of things, events, activities, and transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored but which are not organized to convey any specific meaning. Information: refers to data that has been organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient. Knowledge: consists of data and/or information that has been organized and processed to convey understanding, experience, accumulated learning, and expertise as applied to a current business problem. high level map or plan of the information assets in an organization. Integrates the entire organizations business needs for information, the it infrastructure and all applications. shows how all aspects of information technology in an organization fit together. consists of physical facilities, it components, it services, and it personnel that support the entire organization.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers