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ANTH 2140 Chapter Notes -Jesus Movement, Eating Animals, Fornication

Course Code
ANTH 2140
N/ A

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October 10th, 2013 Founders of Christianity HUMA 2830
-have to use paul’s own writings and the Acts of the Apostles in order to discern details
about Paul and his life
-two sources to assess the events and happenings/incidents
-Paul rarely quotes Jesus; but the rare time he does, he doesn’t do what he says (how
teachers are to be supported by their students) (1st corinthians)
Autobiographical info about paul from letter to Galatians:
-sometimes reveals details about himself in his letters
-usually trying to defend himself when he reveals info about himself in letters;
defending accusations, proving himself to be equal to other leaders of the Christian
-Paul says that God wanted him to be the apostle of the Gentiles
-only letter that indicates years of time when he went places, did his preachings
-time significant because he goes away after his revelation; doesn’t talk to anyone
about the revelation prior; long time to go away after going from persecutor to
-the movement that follows Jesus has to have been going into Damascus before Paul
goes there; there also has to have been some time of Paul persecuting the Christians
prior to his conversion (revelation)
-only specific chronological writing of Christianity
26CE- assumed time of Jesus’ death
30CE- assumed that it took 3 years for Christianity to spread through to Syria before
Paul would have heard of it and persecuted the followers of Jesus
36CE- 3 years after Paul’s revelation; first time going to Jerusalem; goes to Jerusalem
to meet with Peter (Cephas) and James (meets with them for 15 days)
-so his authority would have been straight from god because he hardly new the other
apostles and only spent a short time with them
47CE or 50CE- Paul goes to Jerusalem again: Acts & Paul’s letter differ in that Paul’s
version has a positive outcome about the apostles telling him to continue doing what
he’s doing; Acts portrays that James responds to the controversy over circumcision;
content of James’ speech and letter, was that Gentiles don’t have to be circumcised to
belong to the Jesus movement, but also that they have to follow the Torah in that they
can’t eat meat/sacrifice it, can’t eat anything that has been chocked; no eating animals
with blood in them, strangulation, fornication, no worship of other gods; so the
outcomes in the Acts narrative is that Gentiles do need to follow food laws, but
not law of circumcision; whereas Paul acclaims that they don’t need to follow the food
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