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ANTH 4220 Chapter Notes -Cronus, Crius, Coeus

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ANTH 4220
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- Hesiod first to give literary expression to a systematic explanation of how the gods, the
universe, and mankind came into being
- his account starts first when Chaos came into being
- Love appears early in Hesiod’s Theogony
- Eros is love..may very well be the one who, in later tradition, called Phanes, the one
who first shone forth light or gave light to creation
- Ovid, a Roman poet who wrote approx. 700 years after Hesiod; has own account of
- is about a crude and unformed mass of elements in strife, from which [a unnamed] god
or some higher nature formed the order of the universe
- for Hesiod, appears to be that first deity is female, a basic matriarchal concept of
mother earth and her fertility as primary and divine
- the personification and deification of sky (Uranus) and earth (Gaia) and their physical
union represent basic recurring themes in mythology
The Titans...
- were children of Uranus and Gaia
- 12 in number: Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis,
Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Cronus
- Oceanus produced the Oceanids with his mate Tethys
- Hyperion and his mate Theia, of whom he is more important, produced Selene
[goddess of the moon], Helius, and Eos; Hyperion and his son Helius both son-gods
- Phaethon, son of Helius, dies after borrowing his father’s chariot, which he losses
control of and crashes down to earth; is buried by nymphs
- Helius also loved Leucothoe who died...jealous of her was his admirer Clytie, who
always looked to the progress of the sun, was turned into a sunflower
- island of Rhodes sacred to Helius, took it as his possession when it appeared from
below the sea, loved the island’s nymph Rhodes
- Selene falls in love with a shepherd, Endymion, who is cursed by Zeus and sleeps and
stays young forever; she can never be with him, because she neglects her duties with
the gods
- Eos punished by Aphrodite, by always loving youthful men, for sleeping with her lover,
Ares; loved a Trojan youth named Tithonus; asks Zeus to grant him immortality, but
forgets to ask to keep him youthful; Tithonus eventually grows too old; Eos still loves
him though; Tithonus said to have been turned into a grasshopper
The Castration of Uranus and the Birth of Aphrodite...
- the children of Uranus and Gaia were despised by their father from the very beginning
- he shoved them all back into Gaia’s womb, so he could not be usurped
- Gaia allowed Cronus out of her womb, and he awaited the attack on his father
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