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oral - literal societies.docx
oral - literal societies.docx

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School
York University
Department
Communication Studies
Course
COMN 1000
Professor
all
Semester
Winter

Description
Oral Society • In an oral society, knowledge is invested in the community and is preserved by  the certain members of society – rather than in books, libraries, and other  institutions such as schools and universities.  o Perhaps they can share their knowledge in medical treatment, building  houses, where to fish, when to grow food, and how to do other activities  for the maintenance and a particular person or family groupings hold well­ being of the community.  • The community is heavily dependent on each of the members for its well­being. • This type of knowledge allows for a closer­knit community who are willing to  stick together to their continued existence and prosperity.  • Most of the community is dependent on the oral tradition and culture, which  allows them to stay together to maintain their communication through time.  • If there is an interruption to their close­knit ties, it can mean a loss of important  knowledge for their community.  • In classical Greece, knowledge was maintained and transmitted by epic  techniques. o Epic techniques: creating poems in rhythmic, six­beat lines – hexameters.  • The development of such techniques required people with amazing memory so  that the techniques would be passed down within families of professional  storytellers, and minstrels.  o Many families would build up a system of  ‘mnemonic’ or memory aids  that were private and carefully guarded.  • As required by oral traditions, the epics had permitted constant adaptation. This  also allowed for the emergency of completely new content to describe conditions  of social change.  • Whatever was socially relevant was remembered; whatever was not relevant  wasn’t remembered. • Flexibility allowed the incorporation of sacred myths from other civilizations,  with transformation and humanization conferred as they were turned into epic  poems.  • Allowed the Greeks to foster the development of an inclusive ideology and they  expanded their empire, the ideology served colonizing efforts.  • Oral history has showed accuracy. o In a Maori oral history, they tell a tale of how New Zealand was settled by  Polynesian ancestors almost 800years ago. o They used eight to ten canoes full of settlers from eastern Polynesia to find  New Zealand.  o It is the recent genetic researches that have confirmed this oral history.  • The Delgamuukw decision illustrates the dynamics
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