• In an oral society, knowledge is invested in the community and is preserved by
the certain members of society – rather than in books, libraries, and other
institutions such as schools and universities.
o Perhaps they can share their knowledge in medical treatment, building
houses, where to fish, when to grow food, and how to do other activities
for the maintenance and a particular person or family groupings hold well
being of the community.
• The community is heavily dependent on each of the members for its wellbeing.
• This type of knowledge allows for a closerknit community who are willing to
stick together to their continued existence and prosperity.
• Most of the community is dependent on the oral tradition and culture, which
allows them to stay together to maintain their communication through time.
• If there is an interruption to their closeknit ties, it can mean a loss of important
knowledge for their community.
• In classical Greece, knowledge was maintained and transmitted by epic
o Epic techniques: creating poems in rhythmic, sixbeat lines – hexameters.
• The development of such techniques required people with amazing memory so
that the techniques would be passed down within families of professional
storytellers, and minstrels.
o Many families would build up a system of ‘mnemonic’ or memory aids
that were private and carefully guarded.
• As required by oral traditions, the epics had permitted constant adaptation. This
also allowed for the emergency of completely new content to describe conditions
of social change.
• Whatever was socially relevant was remembered; whatever was not relevant
• Flexibility allowed the incorporation of sacred myths from other civilizations,
with transformation and humanization conferred as they were turned into epic
• Allowed the Greeks to foster the development of an inclusive ideology and they
expanded their empire, the ideology served colonizing efforts.
• Oral history has showed accuracy.
o In a Maori oral history, they tell a tale of how New Zealand was settled by
Polynesian ancestors almost 800years ago.
o They used eight to ten canoes full of settlers from eastern Polynesia to find
o It is the recent genetic researches that have confirmed this oral history.
• The Delgamuukw decision illustrates the dynamics