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Chapter Nov 10

CRIM 2650 Chapter Notes - Chapter Nov 10: Social Control Theory, Social Disorganization Theory, Anomie


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 2650
Professor
Ozgun Topak
Chapter
Nov 10

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Control Theory Discussion Questions Nov 10
1 How does control theory explain the causes of crime?
- In criminology, social control theory proposes that exploiting the process of socialization
and social learning builds self-control and reduces the inclination to indulge in behavior
recognized as antisocial
- Individuals cannot see how they contribute to society, they feel disintegrated and lose
their beliefs to the conventional order in society, weak social bond in society
- Social bonds stake in conformity
- When there’s a lack of integration or social bonds this creates delinquency
- Cost of anomie, lack of integration to society causing delinquency control theory
- Rationality and free will (strong emphasis)
- Social self-created by social bonds
- Informal > social controls
2 What are some of the intellectual influences of control theory? Have you encountered these
theories (e.g. Freud, Mead) before?
- Classical criminology individuality and their rationality and free will of human nature o
commit crime
- Durkheim anomie theory of labour and the lack of regulation in society of individual
desires because the society stresses monetary gains
- Chicago school social disorganization, collective efficacy
- Psychology the looking glass self; how individuals construct themselves through
interactions and constructions of what others think of them in society and thus how they
perceive themselves, generalized other
- Main contributions
3 What is the significance of techniques of neutralization and drift theory? Can you provide
examples of techniques of neutralization and different ways in which juveniles become
‘drifters’?
- Allows the person who acts in a deviant way to get away from assuming the fault from
using these excuses, doesn’t assume they’re pathological but it’s that they don’t want to
follow these rules so they use these excuses
- Denial of responsibility
- Denial of injury
- Denial of victim
- Condemning to
-
4 Compare and Contrast Social Bond Theory with Self-Control Theory. In your opinion,
which perspective provides a more satisfactory analysis? What are the limitations of these
theories?
- Social bond focuses on external forces (society, peers, friends, family, etc.) whereas self-
control focuses on internal (lack of self-control) forces
- Self-control established in childhood throughout life
- Social bonds change according to how you bond with society or the people in your life
5 How would the general theory of crime (self-control theory) account for children reared
poorly but who did not commit crimes?
- Parenthood, familial ties, and influences of a child and their self-control in the future
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