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CRIM 3654
James Sheptycki

CRIM 3654 – FALL BOOK NOTES th Readings for September 27 , 2013 Chapter 3: Networks of Policing - Policing in Canada, and throughout the world, is evolving from a system in which public police provide almost all policing services, to one where a range of public and private agencies share responsibilities for many of these activities - In many urban areas, we are seeing a continuum of policing agencies that are responsible for policing o E.g. private security resolve complaints that were once within exclusive domain of the public police - Notion of policing has increasingly been viewed as a commodity for sale in the marketplace Mass Private Property - The public police were responsible for policing public property and places, while private property owners were responsible for securing their own property o These arrangements for policing were premised on assumption that publicly owned property is public space, and, therefore, most appropriately policed by public police, and same goes for private property and private security - Mass private property refers to property that is privately owned but which is nevertheless publicly used in the sense that members of the general public are typically and routinely invited with or without a fee o E.g. large indoor shopping mall  Questions raised over the responsibility of payment of the costs of policing such areas be for the state or the mass private property owners o Policing of more public life now falls to private rather than public police - It is now almost impossible to identify any function or responsibility of the public police which is not somewhere under some circumstances, assumed and performed by private police in democratic societies Communal Spaces - Communal property is property that which often large collectivities live, work or play o Access to them is not available to the public at large, but to much more limited groups on the basis of membership o E.g. gated community - This differs from mass private property in the way that because they are not open to the public at large, they are not as easily thought of as public places o Consequently, the arguments for public police involvement in the policing
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