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CRIM 3655
James Sheptycki

CRIM 3655 – FALL BOOK NOTES nd Readings for October 22 , 2013 Sheptycki: Using the State to Change Society: The Example of Domestic Violence - in 1989, domestic violence units began to proliferate within the London Metropolitan Police o the stated aim was to shift policing practices towards a dominant assumption of arrest where reasonable grounds exists to believe an assault took place o claimed that tactic of arrest in instances of domestic violence actually stops men from being violent o says to men domestic violence won`t be tolerated, women don`t have to stand for it, and to society that wife beating is a crime - linguistic-authority-structure of operational policing --. The set of analytical categories, logical operations, and classificatory techniques police required to utilize in performance of their duties The Central Categories for Operational Policing of Interpersonal Violence - classifying of calls for assistance to the police begins with initial call to the dispatcher - initial stage characterized as one in which à world of events perceived within the primary framework of the experience of citizens” is “selectively sampled by police calls” - the first priority is to determine whether the matter is relevant to the police – if so, it must be explained in more detail - sometimes a unit is not necessary to assign because an individual may just want to talk (in situations where the officer may know the family, for instance) - prior to 1987, attending a call and arriving seeing the premise dark and quiet meant it was okay for them to go home (“no call for police action” – largest single exit point from the system - NCPA: o 1) victim doesn’t want to substantiate the allegation o 2) no evidence to substantiate allegation o 3) insufficient evidence to substantiate allegation o 4) something is recorded where either through the victim’s action or lack of actions, we can’t contact her and we don’t know where she is - If the attending officer actually intervenes in the situation his or her first concern is to calm the situation down and ensure that a breach of the peace will not occur - If control is established, the next task is to uncover what has happened o This involves questioning victim and suspect o Determine nature and extent of the injuries and how they were inflicted o Classify assault as: common assault (CA), actual bodily harm (ABH), and grievous bodily harm (GBH) - One of the more important question to ask the victim is whether they wish to substantiate the allegation by pressing charges o Crucial question in processing of these incidents - Under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) regarding domestic violence, none of the provisions for arrest compel the officer to do so. Instead, they empower the officer to arrest o The use to arrest is left to the officer’s discretion - Within the confines of the linguistic-authority-structure, in order for there to be a violent incident called a crime there must be both a “suspect” and a “victim” o However, if person with wounds does not want to point the finger at the suspect, an incident is difficult to process as a criminal one - Victim failing to substantiate the allegation – an analytical category that functions like a hinge between polarities of victim and villain; guilty and innocent; no-crime and crime o Final exit point from police system Three Domestic Violence Units - First unit established on initiative of two women officers (“Copycat Unit”) o Employed the tactic of the ‘follow-up call’ o Worked 9-5, but most ‘domestics’ do not occur during regular ‘office hours’ o Domestic violence units make a follow up call o Focus during questioning period would be to help victim decide what was the most appropriate way to secure a safe environment, rather than solely deciding whether or not to press charges o Appro
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